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SOCI 250 (10)
Chapter 15

Tepperman Chapter 15

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Sociology (Arts)
SOCI 250
Jason Carmichael

Tepperman Chapter FifteenThe Natural Environment Terms Cornucopia Viewnature is seen as an almost endless storehouse of resources that exist only for use by humans especially by those currently livingGrowth Ethica cultural or subcultural commitment to the idea that economic growth is good in itself whatever its social effectsIndividualismbelief in the primary importance of the individual and the need to protect individual liberty and choice against collective social or governmental restrictionTragedy of the Commonsa market system based on the capitalist belief that economies work best when left alone with each selfinterested actor seeking what is personally best and it leads to the situation where this agglomerated selfinterest works against the common good by polluting destroying and exhausting common goods that are not owned by a single individual but are shared by all of us such as bodies of water the air the land ecosystems and especially renewable resources such as fish and forestsGreenwashingthe process of promoting false ideas about the environmental friendliness of certain commercial productsClimate changea departure from expected patterns of temperature and other climactic properties resulting mainly from an accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trapping the heat reflected off the earths surfacePeak oilthe peak in global oil production when the maximum rate of global petroleum extraction is reached after which the rate of production goes into permanent declineBody burdena buildup of harmful synthetic chemicals and heavy metals in our bodiesRisk societya society in which risk is increased by technological and economic developments raising the need for more cautious awareness but also active risktaking is considered a core element of economic and social progressPrecautionary principlea tenet of environmentalism as it interfaces with economic development which insists that when serious or irreversible damage could result from development the wise and necessary decision is to not go ahead with that course of action regardless of assumptions that technology could or will resolve any future problems or damage Postmaterialist culturea new cultural orientation that puts less emphasis on material consumption and class issues and more nonmaterial quality of collective life benefits such as environmental improvement
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