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SOCI 386 (5)

was it worth the effort- giugni giugni.docx

2 Pages

Sociology (Arts)
Course Code
SOCI 386
Marcos Ancelovici

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Was it Worth the Effort? (Giugni) Problem is how to establish a causal relationship between a series of events classified as SM actions and an observed change in society- this methodological problem can only be resolved theoretically Impact of Organization: Gamson: (SMs from 1800-1945) - Groups with single issue demands are more successful than groups with multi issue demands - Use of selective incentives is positively correlated with success - Use of violence/disruptive tactics generally contributed to movement success - * bureaucratization, centralization, and nonfactionalism are most successful - * role of context variables does not matter much, whereas political crises do have an effect on outcomes *these have been contested Impact of Disruption and Violent Protest - Effectiveness determined by the study of strikes and urban riots with civil rights movement - Evidence doesn’t really allow for a definitive conclusion as to whether rioting is beneficial or detrimental to movement success Violence can contribute to social/political change when: 1) Power holders have enough resources to meet the demands of the movement 2) Violent actions are neither too frequent (causing mass political/societal instability) or severe enough to be noticed and represent a threat 3) A meaningful share of power holders and the public are sympathetic to the movement’s goals and the violence is not severe enough to undermine their sympathy 4) Movement demands are relatively limited, specific, and clear 5) Violence is accompanies by both peaceful and conventional strategies This approach has been seen as too broad- could lead to trivial results There is so much contradiction in findings- Giugni believes this can be remedied if we examine the broader political context at the time of the movement Public Opinion: - How and to what extent movements produce changes in the perceptions people have on an issue - If changes in public opinion can
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