SOCI 326 Chapter Notes -Racial Hygiene, Neo-Nazism

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Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
McGill University
Department
Sociology (Arts)
Course
SOCI 326
Professor
Educations in Ethnic Violence
Identity, Educational Bubbles and Resource Mobilization
Matthew Lange
Four Mechanisms
1) Socialization Mechanism
2) Frustration-aggression mechanism
3) Competition mechanism
4) Mobilization Mechanism
Ultimate impact of education depends on three contextual factors:
1) presence of resource scarce environments
a. abundance of resources limits frustration aggression mechanism as educated
are more likely to attain their expectations for status and mobility
b. impedes competition mechanism by limited intensity of zero-sum competition
over resources
2) ineffective political institutions
a. strengthens the frustration-aggression mechanism: more likely to discriminate
and use violence against segments of their own populations
b. less capable of containing outbreaks of ethnic violence
3) ethnic divisions and animosity
a. necessary for ethnic violence
*education is rarely an independent cause of ethnic violence but is a background condition
Nazi Support among the educated:
1) Socialization mechanism
- Education socialized students to support nationalism and anti-semitism
- Nazis reformed educational system to promote racial hygiene and anti-semitism
(primary, secondary and university level)
- Legitimized and encouraged genocide
- Pre-nazi education also supported ultranationalism and anti-semitism
- Schools were locations of formal discrimination against jews
2) Frustration-Aggression and Competition Mechanism
a. Educated classes scared of socialism
b. Educated classes had higher expectations therefore more willing to support
radical parties
c. Educated unemployed were experiencing higher economic competition with
jews
focused their aggression on the jews scapegoats
3) Mobilization Mechanism
Educated people were at greater risk of being mobilized coopted
Professional, patriotic, youth and student associations were infiltrated and coopted
Nazi support among University students and Medical Doctors:
University students were probably first to support nazi movement
45% of doctors joined Nazi party highest in any other occupation
Factors:
education socialization:
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Document Summary

Four mechanisms: socialization mechanism, frustration-aggression mechanism, competition mechanism, mobilization mechanism. *education is rarely an independent cause of ethnic violence but is a background condition. Nazi support among the educated: socialization mechanism. Education socialized students to support nationalism and anti-semitism. Nazis reformed educational system to promote racial hygiene and anti-semitism (primary, secondary and university level) Educated people were at greater risk of being mobilized coopted. Professional, patriotic, youth and student associations were infiltrated and coopted. Nazi support among university students and medical doctors: University students were probably first to support nazi movement. 45% of doctors joined nazi party highest in any other occupation. Only because it was combined with education socialization was violence promoted. Frustration aggression mechanism: university students and doctors shared high expectations frustrations caused radicalism. Mobilization: many student groups and fraternities and medical associations allowed for cooptation by nazi leaders. Major political goal-legalization of nazi movement shared racist ideas embraced violence differences targets immigrants.

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