Textbook Notes (367,988)
Canada (161,542)
Anthropology (204)

6. Osteology.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Tracy Prowse

Week 6 Readings 09/02/2013 8:19:00 PM Pages 194-108 Human Osteology and Skeletal Biology Human osteologists study osteology – the branch of anatomy that deals with the structure and function of bones  ability to reconstruct biological profile or osteobiography  applied to medico-legal context, this is forensic anthropology Biological Profile  Able to reconstruct age at death, sex, indicators of biological ancestors, and estimate of living stature  meant to shed light on the person’s way of life and what happened over the span of their life Age  Can be determined through teeth (baby and adult teeth change at a certain age), long bones of arms and legs grow prominences  lengths and proportions of bones change in predictable ways as children grow Sex  females have a pelvis with a large birth canal, affecting the shape of the hip bone and sacrum  Males have larger and more robust teeth and skull Stature  formulas developed by biological anthropologists can calculate the size of a human’s length from estimates obtained from skeletal remains Archaeological Populations Bioarchaeology – field that deals with the excavation and analysis of human skeletal remains from archaeological contexts Palaeodemography – takes the osteobiographical data for all the individuals in an archaeological sample and analyzes those data to learn something about a past population  key features include age, sexual structure of the population, examination of the rate of infant and childhood mortality  principal aims of paleodemographic investigations include the determination of trends in human life span and mortality and the size/structure of past populations Health  palaeopathology – analysis of evidence of ancient disease o confined to trauma and chronic conditions o establishes populational patterns of illness and injury o looks at biological and sociocultural impacts of political and military conquests and territorial incursions Ancestry  How human history changed by genes (via inbreeding); how the people in the world are becoming more alike  Populational approach has replaced radical approach o recognizes all levels of biological difference incorporate or set of individuals can be indentified by a specified trait or traits  Helps biological anthropologists to generate hypotheses on cultural data such as continuity from prehistoric to historic groups, or social
More Less

Related notes for ANTHROP 1AA3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.