Textbook Notes (368,795)
Canada (162,165)
Anthropology (218)
Chapter 3

ANTHROP 1AA3 Chapter 3: Chapter 3 Definitions

2 Pages
Unlock Document


Chapter 3: Food and Nutrition Subsistence patterns: Methods of obtaining food using available land and resources, available labor and energy, and technology Foragers: People who subsist on the collection of naturally occurring plants and animals. Also referred to as hunter-gatherers Food producers: Users of a subsistence strategy that transforms and manages the environment to obtain food Pastoralism: A mode of production based on keeping domesticated animal herds and using their products, such as meat and milk, for most of the diet Horticulture: Plant cultivation carried out with relatively simple tools and methods; nature replaces nutrients in the soil, in the absence of permanently cultivated fields Agriculture:Amodeofproductionthatinvolvesgrowingcropswiththeuseofplowing,irrigation, and fertilizer. Also called farming Carrying Capacity: The number of people who can be sustained by the resources and environment in which they live Reciprocity: Principles of mutual gift giving Redistribution: A form of exchange that involves one person collecting goods or money from many members of a group who then, at a later time and at a public event, “returns”, the pooled goods to everyone who contributed Leveling mechanisms: Cultural practices designed to equalize access to food, resources, and social prestige through a community so that no one individual can amass greater wealth or greater prestige than other people Nomads: People who do not have permanent homes but travel to sources of food as the food becomes seasonally available Optimal foraging theory: Application of animal studies and decision theory to human foraging Transhumance: The practice among pastoralists of moving to new pastureland on a seasonal basis Surplus: Food and other goods that are produced at a level greater than that needed for surv
More Less

Related notes for ANTHROP 1AA3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.