Textbook Notes (363,263)
Canada (158,281)
Anthropology (198)

week 1- Anthropology.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Tracy Prowse

4/28/2013 10:58:00 PM First contact: - the initial encounters between people of different societies - Draws upon a variety of field methods, techniques, and approaches which have 2 major goals 1. Uniqueness and diversity of human behaviour and societies around the world 2. Discover the fundamental similarities that link human beings throughout the world in the past and present  goals are accomplished by anthropologists undertaking systematic case studies of people living in particular locations, in the past and present, and use comparative techniques to assess the similarities and differences among societies - Anthropology: the systematic study of humankind. - Anthropo meaning “human beings” or “Humankind” and logia meaning the study of. - different from other disciplines that study humankind because it has four subdisciplines that bridge the natural science, social sciences, and humanities together Four subdisciplines/subfields 1. Physical anthropology 2. Archaeology 3. linguistic anthropology 4. cultural anthropology/ethnology subdisciplines initially emerged in western society in an attempt to understand non-western peoples th Europeans began exploring and colonizing in the 15 century, and began finding other people of different races and cultures. They recorded their appearance, customs and beliefs forming Anthro th by the 19 century, Anthro had developed into a primary disciplinary and science for understanding these non-Western societies and cultures Physical Anthropology: - the branch of anthropology concerned with humans as biological species  most closely related to the natural sciences - Conduct research in 2 major areas 1. Human evolution - Fossils: the fragmentary remains of bones and living materials preserved from earlier periods  study of human evolution through the analysis of fossils is call paleoanthropology- the study of old or prehistoric Paleoanthropologists use a variety of scientific techniques to date, classify and compare fossil cines to determine the links btwn modern humans and their biological ancestors. Work closely with archaeologists when studying ancient tools and activity areas in order to learn more about the behaviour of the early human ancestors - Primatology- the study of primates primates are the mammals that belong to the same overall biological classification as humans- share the same physical characteristics and a close evolutionary relationship with us observe primates in their natural habitats to ascertain the differences between other primates and humans- it may provide insight into the behaviours of early human ancestors 2. modern human variation - study human variation by measuring physical characteristics- body size, blood types, differences in skin color or differences in genetic traits - research aims at explaining why such variations occur, while documenting the differences in human populations - osteology: physical anthropologists study the human skeleton wide range of applications- identifying murder victims from fragmentary skeletal remains to the design of ergonomic airplane cockpits Physical anthropologists - interested in evaluation how dispar
More Less

Related notes for ANTHROP 1AA3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.