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Anthropology - Food & Nutrition - Part 3.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTHROP 1AA3
Professor
Karen Slonim
Semester
Fall

Description
Theories About the Origins of Food Production Early HypothesesVere Gordon Childes Neolithic Revolution o Major economic revolution during period of severe drought in Southwest Asia o Climate crisis caused symbiotic relationship between humans and animals o New economies ensured richer and more reliable food source o Good for people who were starving because of Ice AgeRobert J Braidwood o Rejected Childes hypothesis o Economic change came from ever increasing cultural differentiation and specialization of human communities o Human experimentation made it possible to domesticate animals o People were culturally receptive to new subsistence patternsMultiple TheoriesHungergatherer societies more complex and well adapted to food production before planting foodspenning animalsAbandoned gathering because populations reached limit that food resources could no longer supportFood production led to higher population densitiesBarbara Bender 1985
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