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Chapter 7

Chapter 7: Mobilities and Cultural Flows .docx

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Antonio Sorge

Chapter 7: Mobilities and Cultural Flows  Migration is when people move from one place to another o Ex. Moving from Hamilton to Toronto because they want to be closer to your job  3 core areas of democracy: o Migration o Fertility o Mortality What is Internal Migration?  Internal migration are movement within a state/country o Ex. Moving from Ontario to Alberta  Rural-to-urban o People move to urban areas is due to job opportunities  Push-pull theory of labour migration, it is said that: o Push Factor  Rural areas are not able to support population growth  Expectations of living standard increases o Pull Factor (cities)  Attracts people, especially the young for employment  Better lifestyle for people  Rural vs. Urban the cost and benefit of moving from rural life to urban life What is International Migration?  International migration is movement to a different country o Ex. Moving from China to Canada  2% of worlds population or 100 million people lives outside of their home country  People move to industrialized countries to find jobs  Certain countries such as Canada and the US limited the immigrants especially non- white immigrants Transnational Migration  Transnational migration is when people move from place to place constantly o Ex. Celebrities travels to different places such as New York, Los Angeles, and Las Vegas etc. to film. They never stay in the same place for long Chapter 7: Mobilities and Cultural Flows 1  How does transnational migration affect people when they constantly move? o Affects their sense of identity and citizenship o Weakens the sense of having one home  Because since they are constantly moving, they are living in different homes o People become isolated and constantly long to be accepted into a community  Remittances is when people send/donate money back or support or gift o Ex. My dad sends money back home o People send money back home because it reminds them of their home  Expenditure or investment Categories Based on Reason for Moving  Wage labour migration is when people move to certain places to work for a certain amount of time. They do not plan to live there forever o Ex. Nursing job offers in the cold region. People who goes up there and work have no intention of living there forever, they move there to work for a few months and then move back  Circular migration is when people move between 2 or more places  Displaced persons are people that has been kicked out of their homes, groups or countries and are forced to move somewhere else o They don’t have much say in where and when they move  Internally displaced persons are people that has been kicked out of their homes but still remains in the same country  Refugees are people that has lost their home o They are forced to move elsewhere o Victims of prosecution  Due to their race, religion, nationality, ethnicity etc. o Mainly women and kids o Have the least choice about where and when to move. Their choice options are less than displaced people  Development-induced displacement is when people are forced to move due to a development of development projects  Institutional migrants is when people chooses or are forced to move into social institutions o Ex. Monks, nuns, prisons, university  Many international students are more likely to suffer from mental and adjustment stress than local students (me or people who live in the same area) Chapter 7: Mobilities and Cultural Flows 2 New immigrants to Canada and the US  New immigrant means a person moving internationally. o This term has been used since the 1960s  Three factors that are related to new immigrant: o Globalization  There is a increase in culture diversity due to the many immigrants moving from place to place o Acceleration  Increase in immigrants worldwide o Feminization  Increase in female immigrants  In Canada, the Immigration Regulations (1967) made it easy for people to move to Canada  People who move to Canada for temporary employment or schooling needs a Visa The Maya of Guatemala  Maya refers to diverse native people that share common cultures but speaks different languages  Maya people live in Mexico and Guatemala o In Guatemala, Maya’s lived in the western highlands. Most lived in poverty and lacked human rights o Suffered years of genocide. During the civil war, many Mayas were killed by government militaries, and many were evicted from their homes  Thousands became refugees as a result  Beatriz Manz did her fieldwork studying the Maya’s New Immigrants from Latin America and the Caribbean  Chain migration is when people move to a different country, their relatives would eventually move where they have moved o Ex. How we live in Canada, and our relatives are moving here too Migration Polices and Politics in Globalizing World  Migrant health risk varies from because there is a large variety of different migrants  Inclusion vs. Exclusion Chapter 7: Mobilities and Cultural Flows 3  National immigration policies limit the amount and types of immigrants into a country. It also determines how they will be treated in political and economic sense o Political  Government either shows approval or disproval of immigrants o Economic  Cheap labour, illegal immigrants work for cheap  National immigration policies are also in local communities o Local resentment are involved with lifeboat mentality o Lifeboat mentality  Limits the growth of particular groups because of lack in resources 
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