ANTHROP 1AA3 Chapter Notes -Dowry, Femicide

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Week 5 Readings 08/02/2013 5:35:00 PM
Culture and Death
Levels of of casuality of death considered in population studies are
proximate, intermediate and ultimate causes
Proximate: one that is closest to outcome
o i.e. dehydration
Intermediate: an offset of the proximate cause
o i.e. dehydration malnourishment (from dirty-watered
breast milk formula)
Ultimate: entails the analysis of the deeper economic, political and
social factors that put a particular individual at increased risk of
dying
Infanticide
Deliberate killing of offspring
Direct Infanticide
o death of child/infant from beating, smothering, poisoning, or
drowning
Indirect Infanticide
o subtle process, involving prolonged practices such as food
deprivation, failure to take a sick infant to the clinic or failure
to provide appropriate weather clothing
Motives may include
infant is deformed
sex of infant
adulterous conception
unwed mother
twins
poverty
too many children
Infant Mortality Rate: deaths of children under the age of one year per birth
Some religion approves of infanticide of weak or sickly children
mothers believe their dead babies are “angel babies”
Sex Ratio: the number of males per 100 females in a population
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Dowry or Groom Price: price the woman’s family must pay to marry their
daughter off
Brideprice or Bridewealth: price the man’s family must pay to marry a
woman
Suicide
Influenced by culture: catholic countries view this as a sin, and thus is much
lower rates; Protestant and Buddhist countries do not view this as
punishable and thus are higher in numbers
Suicide terrorism: involves the suicide of one or more people in an attempt
to kill others as well
may be justified by that persons religious or political beliefs
Sati: suicide of a wife after the death of her husband
Most commonly practiced in India for hundreds of years
Suicide is common in the native/Indian peoples reserves
Mostly men 15-29
Nunavut is very common for suicide
May be due to loss of culture/heritage
o repressed Inuit culture
Epidemics
Disease which spreads rapidly and widely throughout populations
HIV/AIDs (1980s to present)
Violence
Death may be a result of private, interpersonal, conflict or it can occur in
public area (through informal conflict between groups/individuals)
Private Violence: Femicide (killing women for being women)
o Occurs in India due to low value of women
o Domestic abuse
Public Violence:
1. Warfare
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Document Summary

Levels of of casuality of death considered in population studies are proximate, intermediate and ultimate causes. Proximate: one that is closest to outcome i. e. dehydration. Intermediate: an offset of the proximate cause i. e. dehydration malnourishment (from dirty-watered breast milk formula) Ultimate: entails the analysis of the deeper economic, political and social factors that put a particular individual at increased risk of dying. Direct infanticide: death of child/infant from beating, smothering, poisoning, or drowning. Indirect infanticide: subtle process, involving prolonged practices such as food deprivation, failure to take a sick infant to the clinic or failure to provide appropriate weather clothing. Infant mortality rate: deaths of children under the age of one year per birth. Some religion approves of infanticide of weak or sickly children mothers believe their dead babies are angel babies . Sex ratio: the number of males per 100 females in a population. Dowry or groom price: price the woman"s family must pay to marry their daughter off.

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