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Chapter 1

ANTHROP 1AB3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Blood Type, Linguistic Anthropology, Sociolinguistics

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Antonio Sorge

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Chapter 1: Introduction to Anthropology
Chapter 1: Introduction to Anthropology
Anthropology: The Four Subfields (pg. 1)
Anthropology is the study of humanity
Anthropologists study human beings as a biological organism and as people with
distinctive and unique culture
Four subfields of anthropology consists of
o Physical anthropology
o Archaeology anthropology
o Linguistic anthropology
o Cultural anthropology/Ethnology
Physical Anthropology (pg. 2)
Physical anthropology researches human evolution and modern human variation.
Fossils are used to trace back humans ancestry.
Paleoanthropology is the study of human evolution.
o Palaeontologists examine fossils and remains and study humans and their
Other physical anthropologist examines primates to observe the human evolution.
This is known as primatology
Primatology is the study of primates.
o Studies gorillas, gibbons and orang-utans
Some groups of physical anthropologist studies the physical characteristics such
o Body size
o Skin tone
o Blood type
o Physical anthropology
Physical anthropologist are interested in how humans adapt to environmental
conditions such as cold weather, high altitudes etc.
Physical anthropology research has provided patterns of human violence.
Genetics was a key source for physical anthropologist to research on human
disease and evolution
Archaeology (pg. 4)
Archaeology is the systemic study of humanity in the past, not only of human
behaviour and technology but also of every aspect of human culture
Artifacts provides clues to past societies
They spend hours sorting through middens (dumps, waste) to figure out:
o Where past societies ate their meals
o What tools they used at in their homes and work
o Their beliefs
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