Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (170,000)
McMaster (10,000)
ANTHROP (200)
Chapter

Review 5-8.docx


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTHROP 1AB3
Professor
Antonio Sorge

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 8 pages of the document.
Chapter 5
Hinduism Born into Hinduism, converts are not sought
Core text: Four Vedas, along with other stories
Two important stories include: Mahabharata and Ramayana
Worship brings blessing to the worshippers
Darshun: the act of seeing the deity, usually in the form of an icon
Lower class deities prefer meat sacrifices while Upper class prefer flowers, rice and fruit
Nayar fertility Ritual: all night ritual to help infertile women bare children through
diverting blame from that woman.
Karma is a basic concept which translates to “destiny” or “fate”, it is determined from
birth on the basis on the previous life and how it was conducted. Women’s karma
dictates being married and having children, so leaving ones husband is a major act of
resistance.
Buddhism Founder: Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha or awakened one)
Buddhism arose as a protest against Hinduism but kept some concepts such as karma
Some worship the Buddha as a deity, some do not (only follow teachings)
Nirvana: release form worldly life
Everyone has potential, and with every incarnation they are better until finally they are
released from Samsara (the cycle of birth, reincarnation, death, rebirth, and so on) is
achieved
Local spirits: people can deal with nats but not karma
In Southeast Asia, you can choose between Buddhism and indigenous traditions
Judaism Pentateuch/Five books of Moses/ Torah: established theme of exile and return as a
paradigm for Judaism that endures today
Identifying what is wrong with the present and how to escape, overcome, or survive
that situation
Monotheistic, Only one God
Sidur: prayer book

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Dietary patterns distinguish this religion because of their kosher requirements
Traditionally Jewish if born from a Jewish mother
Reform Judaism states Jewish if father is Jewish and mother is not
Kotel/ western wall is most sacred place
Communitas: a sense of collective unity that bridges individual differences.
Passover: important annual ritual
Christianity Sprang from Judaism
Largest world religion
Bible is the sacred book, old and new testament
Three largest branches: Roman Catholic, Protestant and Eastern Orthodox
Protestantism in white Appalachian: foot washing, communion and baptism ~ handling
of snakes
Last supper in Fiji:
Islam based on the teachings of Prophet Muhammad, Muslims
Islam in Arabic means “submission” to the will of the one god, Allah, through which
peace will be achieved
Two major thoughts: Sunni and Shi’a
Five Pillars (more important to Sunni): faith in Allah, daily prayer, fasting, contributing
alms for the poor and the Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca)
Second Largest World religion
Wahhabist is the general image non-Muslims see
African Religions spread through the movement of slaves
Main features: Myths, A pantheon, elaborate initiation rituals, sacrifices and
dances, altars, close links with healing
Ras Tafari: fight oppression to the position that living a peaceful life brings
victory against evil
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Directions of religious change all religions change and do not remain frozen
Revitalization Movement Religious movements that seek to bring about positive change through
re-establishing a religion that has been threatened by outside forces or
through adopting new practices and beliefs.
Cargo cults emerge through Melanesia In response to Western
influences, e.g., modern and traditional trade
Contested sacred sites Most religious conflict is usually because of sacred sites
Primary rights: Judaism, Islam and Christianity
In India: Hindu and Muslim
Religious Freedom as a Human right According to a UN declaration, freedom from religious
persecution is a universal human right
This is not always true and sanctuary can be found in other
nations
Understanding is essential in building a more peaceful future
What is Religion? A more evolved thing about the supernatural realm
Beliefs expressed through either myth or doctrine
Religious beliefs are enacted in rituals that are periodic and non-periodic, rituals
are transformative for the participants
World Religions Largest number of ppl: Christianity, Islam and Hinduism
Due to the constant moving around of people, religions have also travelled
around the globe
Syncretism: foreign religion blended into local systems, may coexist or take over
Aspects of religious change: conflict around sacred sites, secular power over religious spaces, religious
freedom as a human right
ART and CULTURE
ART the application of imagination, skill, and style to matter, movement and sound that goes
beyond the purely practical
Every culture has art
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version