Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (170,000)
McMaster (10,000)
ANTHROP (200)
Chapter 5

ANTHROP 1AB3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Striptease, Decorative Arts, Ghost Dance


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTHROP 1AB3
Professor
Antonio Sorge
Chapter
5

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 8 pages of the document.
Hinduism
Over 900 million people, 15%, of people are Hindu
97% live in India (80% of their pop is Hindus)
Core texts:
o Four vedas Sanskrit (1200 900 bce)
Famous stories:
o Mahabharata story of war between two pilgrimages (Krishan is imp.)
o Ramanayana
Darshan seeking the diety
Lower caste offering meat and alcohol
Upper caste offering flower, rice and fruit
A Nayar Fertility Ritual
Remedy of curse causing infertility in women
They light incense, pray to serpent gods, and offer flower
All night ritual: women paint serpent gods on the floor, music, someone goes into trance so
people can speak to god/get blessings through her
Buddhism
Founding figure: Siddhartha Gautama
Started in northern India
Less than 1% pop in India now
400 million, 6% world pop
Everyone has potential to through good deeds to achieve a better rebirth to finaly release from
Samsara
Samsara: cycle of birth, death and reincarnation
Many pilgrims come visit Sarnath, where Buddha have first teaching
o Gaya, where he gained enlightenment
Local spirits and Buddhism in southeast asia
In Myanmar, Buddhism and indigenous traditions coexist without one being dominant
Indigenous: bad things happen because of actions of capricious spirits called nats
Judaism
Early writings were called the Pentateuch (also called five books of Moses or Torah): established
theme of exile and return as a paradigm for Judaism that endures today
Torah explains relationship between the supernatural and human realm and guides people in
how to carry out the worldview through appropriate actions

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Impt to judasism is to identify what is wrong with present and how to escape, overcome and
survive it
Jewish life is interpreted as tension between exile and return
Oppose abortion and death penalty
Siddur: prayer book
Telling truth is imp
Kosher: cant mix dairy with meat
Hasidism jewish: born to jewish mom
Reform jewish: born to jewish dad, non jewish mom
15 million pop; 50% in north America, 25% in sireal, 20% in Europe and Russia
Whos who at the Kotel
Most sacred place
Also known as the western wall at jeruselum (reli shrine and pilgrimage place)
Kotel located at edge of temple mount (haram sharif) sacred to muslims, jewish and Christians
185
Directions of Religiou Change
Indeginous protect their sacred land and do not let other develop them into commercial areas
Revitalization movements
Religious movements to re-establish that’s been threatened
o Threats can be outside forces
o New practice or breliefs
Look to the past and attempt to recover lost and suppressed religious beliefs and practices
This helps people make sence of changing world
i.e ghost dance movement dance in circles as a way to combat the threat of the ending world
i.e cargo cult emerged in Melanesia as response to westernization
o they tried to acquire western goods (cargo) to gain status
contested sacred sites
area for conflict: Jeruselum
how do world religions illustrate globalization and localization
syncretism: when a new religions moves into a culture, it may be blended with local systems
What is art?
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Application of imagination, skill and style to matter, movement, and sound that goes beyond the
purely practical
o i.e well told story, decorating food on a plate
o does not limit any religion in this def
fine art: rare, expensive
o artist trained in western classical tradition
o included in colledge courses ‘fine arts’
all other arts are less fine: primitive, folk, ethnic, crafts
o characterized by opposite features to that of fine arts
artist does not receive formal training
not for sale
anonymous artist
utilitarian: every day use
esthetics: socially acceptable notion of quality
o westerns believed non-westerns had none/poorly developed
o but everyone has them
ethno-esthetics: culturally specific def of what is art
Yoruba of Nigeria wood carvings:
o Middle age
o Not to abstract or real: portray general person
o Symmetrical
Strong ties between linguistic and cultural anthro: analyze oral and tape recordings
Studying art in society
African rhythm and African sensibility: ethnographer had to learn to play the drums to build
rapport and gain understanding
o John chernoff realized that heart sees before hands
o Was initiated to learn
o Made his wrist smarter by looking for ingredients in a forster: ‘cat chasing a mouse’ =
‘cat hands’ wrists that turn fast which is needed for drummers
Focus on the artist
Social status:
o Goldworkers respected in mexico
o American indian groups of pacfic northwestern coast male carvers and painters had
higher social standing
Gender differences
o Navajo of Arizona: women weave and men do siversmithing
o Carribbean: women of African descent make carvings of calabashes (large gourds)
o Us: graphic artists are mostly men
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version