Textbook Notes (362,879)
Canada (158,081)

Art History Textbook Readings.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Art History
Neil Mc Kay

Art History 1A03 Readings Starter Kit p. XXII-XXV  Work of Art:  A material object having both form and content  It is often described and categorized according to its style and medium  FORM:  Referring to visual aspects  Encompasses qualities of line, shape, color, light, texture, space, mass, volume & composition called formal elements  Line:  An element usually drawn or painted  Can be actual, as when the line is visible, or it can be implied, as when the movement of the viewer’s eyes over the surface of a work follows a path determined by the artist  Shape:  Two-dimensional, or flat, area defined by the borders of an enclosing outline or contour  Can be geometric, biomorphic (organic), closed or open  The outline of a three-dimensional object can also be perceived as line  Color:  Include hue, value and saturation  The primary hues are red, yellow and blue because all other colors are made by combining these hues  Orange, green and violet result from the mixture of two primaries and are known as secondary colors  Intermediate hues, or tertiaries result from the mixture of a primary and a secondary  Complementary colors are the two colors directly opposite one another on the color wheel, such as red and green  Warm colors include red, orange and yellow and appear to advance toward us  Cool colors are blue, green, and violet which seem to recede  Black and white are not considered colors, but neutrals. In terms of light, black is understood as the absence of color and white as the mixture of all colors  Value is the relative degree of lightness or darkness of a given color and is created by the amount of light reflected from an object’s surface. Ex= A dark green is deeper value than light green/in black-and-white reproductions of colored objects, you can only see value/drawings made with black in possess only value, not hue or saturation  Saturation, also referred to as intensity, is a colors quality of brightness or dullness. A color highly saturated looks vivid and pure and a hue of low saturation may look muddy or greyed  Texture:  The tactile (or touch-perceived) quality of a surface  Described by words such as smooth, polished, rough, prickly, grainy, or oily  Texture takes 2 forms: the texture of the actual surface of the work of art and the implied (illusionistically described) surface of objects represented in the work of art  Space:  Contains forms  May be actual or three-dimensional, as it is with sculpture and architecture, or it may be fictional, represented illusionistically in 2 dimensions (flat surface)  Mass:  (and volume) are properties of three-dimensional things  A solid matter, whether sculpture or architecture and takes up space  Volume is enclosed or defined space and may be solid or hollow  Like space, mass and volume may be illusionistically represented on a two- dimensional surface, such as in a painting or a photograph  Composition:  The organization, or arrangement, of forms in a work of art  Shapes and colors may be repeated or varied, balanced symmetrically or asymmetrically, they may be stable or dynamic  Artistic choice depends on both the time and place where the work was created as well as the objectives of individual artists  Pictorial depth (spatial recession) is a specialized aspect of composition in which the three-dimensional world is represented on a flat surface, or picture plane  The area behind the picture plane is called the picture space and contains 3 “zones”: foreground, middle ground, and background  In some European art, the use of various systems of perspective has sought to
More Less

Related notes for ARTHIST 1A03

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.