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Art History Starter Kit.docx

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Art History
Neil Mc Kay

Art History 1A03 Readings Starter Kit p. XXII-XXV  Work of Art:  A material object having both form and content  It is often described and categorized according to its style and medium  FORM:  Referring to visual aspects  Encompasses qualities of line, shape, color, light, texture, space, mass, volume & composition called formal elements  Line:  An element usually drawn or painted  Can be actual, as when the line is visible, or it can be implied, as when the movement of the viewer’s eyes over the surface of a work follows a path determined by the artist  Shape:  Two-dimensional, or flat, area defined by the borders of an enclosing outline or contour  Can be geometric, biomorphic (organic), closed or open  The outline of a three-dimensional object can also be perceived as line  Color:  Include hue, value and saturation  The primary hues are red, yellow and blue because all other colors are made by combining these hues  Orange, green and violet result from the mixture of two primaries and are known as secondary colors  Intermediate hues, or tertiaries result from the mixture of a primary and a secondary  Complementary colors are the two colors directly opposite one another on the color wheel, such as red and green  Warm colors include red, orange and yellow and appear to advance toward us  Cool colors are blue, green, and violet which seem to recede  Black and white are not considered colors, but neutrals. In terms of light, black is understood as the absence of color and white as the mixture of all colors  Value is the relative degree of lightness or darkness of a given color and is created by the amount of light reflected from an object’s surface. Ex= A dark green is deeper value than light green/in black-and-white reproductions of colored objects, you can only see value/drawings made with black in possess only value, not hue or saturation  Saturation, also referred to as intensity, is a colors quality of brightness or dullness. A color highly saturated looks vivid and pure and a hue of low saturation may look muddy or greyed  Texture:  The tactile (or touch-perceived) quality of a surface  Described by words such as smooth, polished, rough, prickly, grainy, or oily  Texture takes 2 forms: the texture of the actual surface of the work of art and the implied (illusionistically described) surface of objects represented in the work of art  Space:  Contains forms  May be actual or three-dimensional, as it is with sculpture and architecture, or it may be fictional, represented illusionistically in 2 dimensions (flat surface)  Mass:  (and volume) are properties of three-dimensional things  A solid matter, whether sculpture or architecture and takes up space  Volume is enclosed or defined space and may be solid or hollow  Like space, mass and volume may be illusionistically represented on a two- dimensional surface, such as in a painting or a photograph  Composition:  The organization, or arrangement, of forms in a work of art  Shapes and colors may be repeated or varied, balanced symmetrically or asymmetrically, they may be stable or dynamic  Artistic choice depends on both the time and place where the work was created as well as the objectives of individual artists  Pictorial depth (spatial recession) is a specialized aspect of composition in which the three-dimensional world is represented on a flat surface, or picture plane  The area behind the picture plane is called the picture space and contains 3 “zones”: foreground, middle ground, and background  In some European art, the use of various systems of perspective has sought to
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