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Textbook Notes for BIOLOGY 3XL3 at McMaster University

MCMASTERBIOLOGY 3XL3chuFall

BIOLOGY 3XL3 Chapter Notes -Colin Macinnes, Rhyming Slang, Jargon

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Kingsley amis gives his seal of approval to a cheerfully horrific new novel from anthony burgess. I acclaim anthony burgess"s new novel as the curiosit
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MCMASTERBIOLOGY 3XL3Grant B Mc ClellandFall

BIOLOGY 3XL3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Swordfish, Scombridae, Opah

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Adaptation of muscles for diverse activities heat. Regional heterothermy: found in certain ectotherms (tuna) and endotherms (dolphin: endotherm: heat g
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MCMASTERBIOLOGY 3XL3Grant B Mc ClellandFall

BIOLOGY 3XL3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Teleost, Omnivore, Hindgut

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Food first mechanically broken down, then chemically digested, nutrients absorbed into blood. Most material not excreted generally reabsorbed (nutrient
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MCMASTERBIOLOGY 3XL3Grant B Mc ClellandFall

BIOLOGY 3XL3 Chapter 2: Muscle I - General

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Toadfish sound producing organ + modified swim bladder (allows fish to maintain neutral buoyancy vs rattlesnake rattle. Electric eel muscles that multi
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MCMASTERBIOLOGY 3XL3Grant B Mc ClellandFall

BIOLOGY 3XL3 Chapter 3: Muscle II - Sound

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Speed versus force toadfish sonic muscle, rattlesnake rattler: toadfish bursts of sound where duration of calls are short but repetitive, rattlesnake m
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MCMASTERBIOLOGY 3XL3Grant B Mc ClellandFall

BIOLOGY 3XL3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Sinus Venosus, Blood Pressures, Oncotic Pressure

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MCMASTERBIOLOGY 3XL3Grant B Mc ClellandFall

BIOLOGY 3XL3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Phenotypic Plasticity, Mitochondrial Biogenesis, Hypertrophy

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Shows a degree of phenotypic plasticity changes in response to energetic/environmental stressors. Hypertrophy: increase in muscle mass: both occur prim
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MCMASTERBIOLOGY 3XL3Grant B Mc ClellandFall

BIOLOGY 3XL3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Turbulence, Branchial Arch, Bronchiole

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MCMASTERBIOLOGY 3XL3Grant B Mc ClellandFall

BIOLOGY 3XL3 Chapter 11: Water and Salt Excretion

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The root effect appears to be an adaptation, due to specialized hemoglobin subunits to secrete. O2 at high po2 into the swim bladder (for buoyancy) and
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MCMASTERBIOLOGY 3XL3Grant B Mc ClellandFall

BIOLOGY 3XL3 Chapter 4: Muscle III - Movement

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Adaptation of muscle for diverse activities jumping. For high power output: work at plateau of sarcomere length-tension curve (max. force, muscle shoul
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MCMASTERBIOLOGY 3XL3Grant B Mc ClellandFall

BIOLOGY 3XL3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Aorta, Venous Blood, Aortic Valve

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Compact: outer layers of tightly packed cells. Spongy: inner layer meshwork of loosely connected cells. Contrast fish vs mammal heart: how much blood s
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MCMASTERBIOLOGY 3XL3Grant B Mc ClellandFall

BIOLOGY 3XL3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Digestion, Heart Valve, Pulmonary Circulation

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2 venous blood streams: ~80% separation of o2 and deo2 blood, partial or exclusive cutaneous gas exchange. Trabeculae help keep oxygenated and deoxygen
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