Iliad- defined what it meant to be greek for thousands of years and inspired the first prose histories in greek. Homer saw history as a story of wars and kings. But, it can also include ideas (like concepts of citizenship and marriage), anonymous groups of people, etc. What kind of history we focus on will reflect the needs and values of our culture. history- herodotus first used the word historia (meaning inquiry) to describe his study of war between greeks and persians. Therefore, history refers to the investigation of the past. Ancient historians must locate and interpret the kind of raw evidence from antiquity that suits their interests. This can mean looking beyond histories to other written works (like novels and dramas which emphasize marriage and family in everyday life; like receipts; like tombstones; etc. ) Jewish calendars date events from the traditional first year of creation, 3761 b. c. Muslim calendar dates all events from the hijra- the flight of.