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Chp 9 Leadership

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Teal Mc Ateer

Leadership Chp 9 Leadership – the influence that particular individuals exert on the goal achievement of others. Traits – characteristics like physical attributes, intellectual ability and personality Traits for effective leadership Intelligence Energy Self confidence Dominance Motivation to lead Emotional stability Honesty and integrity Need for achievement Task leader – concerned with accomplishing a task by organizing others, planning strategy and dividing labour Social emotional leader – concerned with reducing tension, patching up disagreements, settling arguments, maintaining morale Consideration – the extent to which a leader is approachable and shows personal concern and respect for employees Initiating structure – the degree to which a leader concentrates on group goal attainment Consideration and initiating structure help employees motivation, job satisfaction and leader effectiveness Consideration related to follower satisfaction (leader and job satisfaction), motivation, leader effectiveness Initiating structure more related to job and group performance Leader reward behaviour – leader’s use of complements, benefits Leader punishment behaviour – use of reprimands or unfavourable task assignments, withhold rewards Situational theories of leadership Fiedler’s contingency theory The association between leadership orientation and group effectiveness is contingent on how favourable the situation is for exerting influence Leadership orientation Least preferred coworker (LPC) A current or past coworker with whom leader had a difficult time accomplishing a task Situational favourableness Leader member relations Task structure Position power House’s path goal theory Concerned with the situations under which various leader behaviours (directive, supportive, participative, achievement oriented) are most effective. Leader behaviour Directive behaviour Supportive Participative Achievement oriented 2 situational factors Employee characteristics Environmental factors Participative leadership Involving employees in making work related decisions Should not be confused w
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