Textbook Notes (368,413)
Canada (161,874)
Commerce (1,696)
Chapter 3

2KA3 – Chapter 3 Textbook Notes.docx

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Department
Commerce
Course
COMMERCE 2KA3
Professor
Paul Faure
Semester
Winter

Description
2KA3Chapter3TextbookNotesOrganizationsandInformationSystemsISaredevelopedbymanagerstoservetheinterestsofthebusinessfirmAtthesametimetheorgmustbeawareofandopentotheinfluencesofIStobenefitfromnewtechnologiesTheinteractionbetweenITandorgsiscomplexandinfluencedbymanymediatingfactorsincludingtheorgsstructurebusinessprocessespoliticsculturesurroundingenvironmentandmanagementdecisionsWhatisanOrganizationOrganizationAstableformalsocialstructurethattakesresourcesfromtheenvironmentandprocessesthemtoproduceproductsthisdefinitiontellsushowthousandsoffirmsincompetitivemarketscombinecapitallaborandIT3mainelementsofanORGoCapitalandlabouroTransformsaboveintoproductsandservicesinaproductionfunctionoThenproductsareconsumedMorerealisticbehaviouraldefinitionOrgisacollectionofrightsprivilegesobligationsandresponsibilitiesthatisdelicatelybalancedoveraperiodoftimethroughconflictandconflictresolutionHowareinputscombinedtocreateoutputwhentechnologychangesareintroducedintothecompanyTechnicalchangerequireschangeinwhoownsandcontrolsinfowhohastherighttoaccessandupdatethatinfoandwhomakesdecisionsaboutwhomwhenandhowThiscomplexviewforcesustolookatthewayworkisdesignedandtheproceduresusedtoachieveoutputsFeaturesofOrganizationsOrgstrytohireandpromoteemployeesonthebasisoftechnicalqualificationsandprofessionalismTheorgisdevotedtotheprincipleofefficiencymaximizingoutputusinglimitedinputRoutinesandBusinessProcessesAllorgsbecomeveryefficientovertimebecausetheindividualsinthefirmdeveloproutinesforproducinggoodsandservicesRoutinesstandardoperatingproceduresarepreciserulesproceduresandpracticesthathavebeendevelopedtocopewithvirtuallyallexpectedsituationsAbusinessfirmisacollectionofbusinessprocesses
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