Student: Yang, ZhiXing
Student ID: 0966680
a) What are the three components of global hunger index?
The Global Hunger Index (HGI) is a combined measure of three equally
weighted components. The first one is the proportion of undernourished
people as a percentage of population. The second one is the prevalence of
underweight in children under the age if five. And the last one is the
under-five mortality rate.
b) What causes chronic poverty? What can be done to fight chronic
Chronic poverty is a forward-looking concept, which relates to lifetime
deprivation. Causes of chronic poverty have traditionally centered around
poverty-trap, which is generally linked to the paucity of initial wealth and
To fight for the chronic poverty, we need to act on the endowment ends first. It
may be most-effective and durable method of tackling chronic poverty. We
may need redistribution of assets, opening up opportunities for people in
chronic poverty, special programs for enhancing human capital of specific
groups, removing various kinds of entry barriers that certain groups of people
face while trying to access markets and government services. We need to
remove or reduce structural mismatch and bring massive long-term
institutional supports. c) What is the distinction between head-count ratio (H) and aggregate
headcount number (A) in poverty? Which measurement demonstrates
the “likelihood” of falling into poverty in a country?
The headcount ratio, H, is the proportion of poor in the total population.
An alternative, a far less routinely used headcount index, is the aggregate
headcount, A, which is the total absolute number of the poor.
Headcount ratio (H) satisfies the “Likelihood Principle”, while aggregate