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3D03_Night.docx

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Department
English
Course
ENGLISH 3D03
Professor
Anne Savage
Semester
Winter

Description
The Machines Stops & Night THE MACHINE STOPS  1. E.M. FORSTER 2. (1909) NIGHT 3. John w. Campbell, jr 4. 1935 DIFFERENT ENDINGS: 5. TECHNOLOGICAL CATASTROPHE, APOCALYPSE 6. ENTROPY: THE DEATH OF THE UNIVERSE Humanity makes The Machine; The Machine  remakes  humanity. There is no ‘forever’ for human life; what will we lebehind? THE HEAT DEATH OF THE UNIVERSE AS A NOVUM: FIRST AND SECOND  LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS 1. “The result would inevitably be a state of universal rest and death, if the universe  were finite and left to obey existing laws. But it is impossible to conceive a limit to  the extent of matter in the universe; and therefore science points rather to an  endless progress, through an endless space, of action involving the  transformation of potential energy into palpable motion palpable motion, and  hence into heat, than to a single finite mechanism, running down like a clock, and  stopping for ever.” 2. Thomson, William. (1862). “On the age of the sun’s heat,” Macmillan’s Mag., 5,  288–93; PL, 1, 394–68 3. Machine parts wear out, fail, and where is the energy coming from to run it? 4. Cars, computers, lawnmowers, heaters, air conditioners, furnaces, lighting,  cooking appliances, dishwashers, clotheswashers and dryers, fridges… 5. Think how often these break or just stop. AIR TRAVEL AND SPACE TRAVEL: 6. Some dates: 1. 1990: Wright brothers’ gliders that could stay aloft for two minutes.  2. 1903, th
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