Memory, Experience, Surveillance and Crime
1. Intersections between government and crime:
2. Exploitation of persons
3. Manipulation of persons
4. Manufacturing situations
5. Acquiring power
6. Producing capital
2. Surveillance: acquiring information
3. Concealment: leaving no trace of surveillance
4. Use of information: catching criminals, preventing crime, controlling
populations, “manufacturing consent” (see The Political Economy of The Mass
Media (1988), by Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky Chomsky)
5. ESPIONAGE during WW2:
6. Cracking the Enigma code:. The ENIGMA code was cracked by Alan Turing,
whose work on early computing and artificial intelligence gave him a high
security clearance during WW2 and after, as well as many honours, although he
was charged with homosexuality and suffered chemical castration and later
suicide in 1954 at the age of 42.
7. You can find an emulator of the axis Enigma generator at
THE TURING TEST:
8. CODING LANGUAGE FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
1. His work on AI has made Alan Turing a frequent point of reference in SF.
9. Language recognition and use by an AI: can notes sent back and forth fool a
human into thinking this is another human?
10. The test has not succeeded yet, although AIs can argue with one, and are good at
changing the subject to something they can talk about. Turing suggested that
rather than building a program to simulate the adult mind, it would be better
rather to produce a simpler one to simulate a child's mind and then to subject it to
a course of education.
11. Governmental espionage produces more and more efficient technology, which is
often redeployed in the public sector.
12. This technology can then be turned to criminal uses.
13. DEFENCE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY: original mission,
established in 1958, was to prevent technological surprise like the launch of
Sputnik, which signaled that the Soviets had beaten the U.S. into space. The mission statement has evolved over time. Today, DARPA’s mission is still to
prevent technological surprise to the US, but also to create technological surprise
for their enemies.
WHEN GOVERNMENT INFORMATION IS MADE