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Reading Notes 4 - Geographic Tools - Techniques of Analysis (1HA3)

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Department
Geography
Course
GEOG 1HA3
Professor
Michael Mercier
Semester
Fall

Description
Amir Doo Reading Notes Geo 1HA3 Oct 1/2013 Techniques of Analysis (Pg 67-77) Cartography: • Cartography: The science of map-making. o Primary purpose: To communicate information o Closely integrated with analysis and less dependent on manual skills • Scale is always indicated on the map (eg. Fraction, a ratio, written statement) • Dot maps: useful to display data such as towns, wheat farming, cemeteries, incidence of diseases, etc. • Choropleth Map: Sacrifice detail for improved appearance. • Isopleth map: consists of a series of lines • Projection: How you can project a spherical earth on a flat surface. Computer Assisted Cartography: • Programs used to easily create mapping packages which deletes the need for artistic skills and human error. Geographic Information Systems: • Geographic information system (GIS): Computer based tool used to store, analyze and map spatially referenced data. • Processing Hardware: Personal computer, may be used for large apps. • Peripheral Hardware: May be used to input data, example: digitizers and scanners • Software: Applications and programs • Two principle methods of translation: 1)
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