Article #6 & 7 (Davis Floyd and Dr. Raz Moda).docx

16 Pages
103 Views

Department
Health, Aging and Society
Course Code
HLTHAGE 1AA3
Professor
Geraldine Voros

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Description
 Although we have a wide range of technology that has helped shift the way medical procedures and the way babies are delivered - childbirth is still a gendered phenomenon  It is said that the way society treats pregnancy and childbirth it reveals a great deal about the way society treats their women  In the U.S childbirth is heavily guided by the use of technology and drugs to relieve pain and help speed up the process  Many Americans including the doctors and nurses themselves view these procedures as medical necessities  While a countering view is the one by anthropologists - by focusing on the traditional/natural ways to give birth in some cultures that don't have technology or simply don't use it - give birth to their new born babies through squatting, sitting, or going on their hands or knees where they are supported and surrounded with experienced midwives and female relative An example of this is the Mayan Indians of Highland Chiapas - where the women would have to  grab hold on to a rope while squatting - which is a better position than the on your back type of births  But this view of natural, cultural and religious beliefs to childbirth has become invisible  Societies such as the U.S and other parts of the globe in Western society have deep beliefs that are centralized on the use of science, technology, patriarchy and the institutions that control and shape hospital birth  The perception of a woman's ability to childbirth has always been mocked with sexist remarks that women are HIGHLY dependent on man-made machines RITES OF PASSAGE  A ritual is something that is patterned, repetitive, a symbolic meaning of cultural beliefs or value and its sole purpose is to align the belief system of the individual that they take with them in mainstream society  Rite of Passage is a series of rituals that move individuals from one social state or status to another EXAMPLE  Girlhood = womanhood  Boyhood = manhood Rites of passage transforms society's perception of individuals and an individual's perception of themselves THE STAGES OF RITES OF PASSAGE * 1. Separation - "so long farewell I hate to say goodbye…to my old life" 2. Transition - you are neither one thing or the other 3. Integration - getting used to/absorbing the new life that they have Victor Turner  Is an anthropologists famous for his writings on the ritual  Believes that the transition period is the most important phase - as is it allows the individual to open themselves up to change within themselves Cognitive restructuring of a ritual = is one where an event in our lives changes our social roles - with hardships (mentally/physically) which opens us to new learning A symbol is an object, idea or action that is loaded with cultural meaning. The left hemisphere of the brain works by intellectually decoding messages in meaningful messages = allowing us to accept or reject what is present to us Complex ritual symbols are form with the right hemisphere of the brain - where messages are interpreted and felt Symbolic message = felt through the body Routine Obstetric Procedure Are Highly Symbolic  The example of a hospital is something that is filled with lots of meaning  The hospital = is a big building, an unfamiliar territory that is different from your life at home, cold, not a lot of personal relationships can be built, etc. Wheel Chair = disable (can't walk) Bed = you are sick Although no one says that YOU are sick and YOU are disabled - these simple objects can hold a lot of meaning to someone else as a form of representation = "umbilical cords to the hospital" A representation of the relationships and the similarity b/t a mom and her unborn child. The tubes of medicine that is connected to the mother is like an umbilical cord that symbolizes their dependency to reply on something to live Mothers ARE the caregivers of life Societies wouldn't be built without the women giving birth BUT women giving birth in hospitals is NOT shown that she gives life but rather the hospital gives life Matrix comes from the Latin word mater - meaning mother = like a womb - something from within which something comes from. Their primary purpose is to transmit the that belief into the emotions, minds, and bodies of their participants (Overall understanding of the belief system) A Set of beliefs from a democratic model Matrix comes from the Latin word mater - meaning mother = like a womb - something from within which something comes from. Their primary purpose is to transmit the that belief into the emotions, minds, and bodies of their participants (Overall understanding of the belief system) A Set of beliefs from a democratic model All cultures develop and use technology but most cultures don't "supervalue" the use of technologies as much as the United States. Peter C. Reynolds argued how we are dependent on technology to shape and improve the nature of society and the world around us (Technocracy is hierarchical bureaucratic society driven by an ideology of technological process) Men > Women As women were defective and seen a
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