4NR3 Glossary TERMS

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School
McMaster University
Department
Health Sciences
Course
HTHSCI 4NR3
Professor
Nancy Matthew- Maich
Semester
Winter

Description
Glossary Positivist Terms fixed alternative question A question that offers respondents a set of prespecified responses, from which the respondent must choose the alternative that most closely approximates the correct response. categorical variable A variable with discrete values (e.g., gender) rather than values along a continuum (e.g., weight). discrete variable A variable with a finite number of values between two points. (positivist ) deductive reasoning The process of developing specific predictions from general  principles positivist paradigm The traditional paradigm underlying the scientific approach, which assumes that there is a fixed, orderly reality that can be objectively studied; often associated with quantitative research. (naturalistic ) inductive reasoning The process of reasoning from specific observations to more general rules (see also deductive reasoning). qualitative research The investigation of phenomena, typically in an in­depth and holistic fashion, through the collection of rich narrative materials using a flexible research design. (qualitative term ) construct An abstraction or concept that is deliberately invented (constructed) by researchers for a scientific purpose (e.g., health locus of control). (qualitative term ) reliability The degree of consistency or dependability with which an instrument measures the attribute it is designed to measure. (qualitative term )  validity The degree to which an instrument measures what it is intended to measure. informant A term used to refer to those individuals who provide information to researchers about a phenomenon under study (usually in qualitative studies). paradigm A way of looking at natural phenomena that encompasses a set of philosophical assumptions and that guides one’s approach to inquiry. trustworthiness The degree of confidence qualitative researchers have in their data, assessed using the criteria of credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability. credibility A criterion for evaluating data quality in qualitative studies, referring to confidence in the truth of the data. transferability The extent to which findings can be transferred to other settings or groups—often used in qualitative research and analogous to generalizability in quantitative research. dependability A criterion for evaluating da
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