Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (170,000)
McMaster (10,000)
Chapter 5

LINGUIST 1Z03 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Canadian English, Diphthong, American Speech

Course Code
Karen Tucker

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Sound systems of languages changes, often only in one place and not other places
North America has retained the older ae version in words such as dance, while British speakers
have adopted [a:] as seen in "farm"
North America has retained the post-vocalic r that is after a vowel and before a consonant as
in farm and court, far and core, while Standard Southern British has dropped it making words
like far sound like fah
e.g secretary and secretry
e.g obligatory and obligatry
North American speech uses a secondary stress on the second from last syllable while British
tend to keep the strong stress on the first syllable and reduce other syllables
Intonations of a language carry a great deal of message
Canadian intonation differs depending on area
Intonation Differences
in many parts of Canada and the United States, a t sound in certain positions bay be
voiced to a d or almost a d (e.g padio)
Also in many parts of Canada and United States , deletion of a t in certain positions is
also seen, especially after an n, (e.g winter, centre, twenty, international, interested)
A intrusive t may occur between l and n/s , ln, and ns (e.g else = elts and once = wunts)
How Canadian treat t
Speakers of SSB and British dialects have three distinct vowels, however many Canadians
say Mary and merry in the same ay but marry differently. Younger Canadians are
merging the vowerl sounds before r so that all three sound alike
Mary Merry Marry
Some Other General Patterns in Canadian Speech Sounds
Cot/caught, don/dawn, collar/caller, holler/hauler are homophones for most Canadians, while
SSB and many Americans differentiate
Horse/hoarse, morning, mourning are pronounced similarly in most parts of North America,
but in some places, these words are clearly differentiated
Canadian English differs from most British and American dialects in the pronunciation of two
diphthongs: "ou" in house, instead of "haose" [aw]
Similarily is the Canadian dipthong in wordsd like white [aj]
Canada as a Relic Area: A Canadian Diphthong Rule
Voiced - vocal cords vibrate
General english often makes a switch from noun to verb by voicing the final consonants.
Canadians also change their dipthongs
Some Other Divided Usages in Canadian Pronunciation
Few SSB distinguish between members of these pairs
In US, usage varies
Same in Canada
Wine/whine witch/which, wales/whales, weather/whether, wear/where
Are these Words Homophones in your Speech? Do, due, dew
- the british use a glide usually after t d n, for a u sound
Americans tend to weaken or even eliminate the vowel of ile while SSB speakers keep it, (so
Agile, Docile, facile, fertile, textile, missile
1Z03 Reading 5
October 19, 2017
8:49 PM
Class Notes Page 1
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version