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Chapter 5

LINGUIST 1Z03 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Canadian English, Diphthong, American Speech


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LINGUIST 1Z03
Professor
Karen Tucker
Chapter
5

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Sound systems of languages changes, often only in one place and not other places
-
North America has retained the older ae version in words such as dance, while British speakers
have adopted [a:] as seen in "farm"
1.
North America has retained the post-vocalic r that is after a vowel and before a consonant as
in farm and court, far and core, while Standard Southern British has dropped it making words
like far sound like fah
2.
e.g secretary and secretry
e.g obligatory and obligatry
North American speech uses a secondary stress on the second from last syllable while British
tend to keep the strong stress on the first syllable and reduce other syllables
3.
Intonations of a language carry a great deal of message
a.
Canadian intonation differs depending on area
b.
Intonation Differences
4.
in many parts of Canada and the United States, a t sound in certain positions bay be
voiced to a d or almost a d (e.g padio)
a.
Also in many parts of Canada and United States , deletion of a t in certain positions is
also seen, especially after an n, (e.g winter, centre, twenty, international, interested)
b.
A intrusive t may occur between l and n/s , ln, and ns (e.g else = elts and once = wunts)
c.
How Canadian treat t
5.
Speakers of SSB and British dialects have three distinct vowels, however many Canadians
say Mary and merry in the same ay but marry differently. Younger Canadians are
merging the vowerl sounds before r so that all three sound alike
a.
Mary Merry Marry
6.
Some Other General Patterns in Canadian Speech Sounds
Cot/caught, don/dawn, collar/caller, holler/hauler are homophones for most Canadians, while
SSB and many Americans differentiate
-
Horse/hoarse, morning, mourning are pronounced similarly in most parts of North America,
but in some places, these words are clearly differentiated
-
Canadian English differs from most British and American dialects in the pronunciation of two
diphthongs: "ou" in house, instead of "haose" [aw]
-
Similarily is the Canadian dipthong in wordsd like white [aj]
-
Canada as a Relic Area: A Canadian Diphthong Rule
Voiced - vocal cords vibrate
-
General english often makes a switch from noun to verb by voicing the final consonants.
Canadians also change their dipthongs
-
Some Other Divided Usages in Canadian Pronunciation
Few SSB distinguish between members of these pairs
-
In US, usage varies
-
Same in Canada
-
Wine/whine witch/which, wales/whales, weather/whether, wear/where
Are these Words Homophones in your Speech? Do, due, dew
- the british use a glide usually after t d n, for a u sound
Americans tend to weaken or even eliminate the vowel of ile while SSB speakers keep it, (so
-
Agile, Docile, facile, fertile, textile, missile
1Z03 Reading 5
October 19, 2017
8:49 PM
Class Notes Page 1
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