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Chapter 11

LINGUIST 1Z03 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: English Alphabet, World Englishes, Telegraph Code


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LINGUIST 1Z03
Professor
Karen Tucker
Chapter
11

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1Z03 Chapter 11: World Languages
Karen Tucker
Textbook
When it has a special role recognized in every country
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The language can be made the official/Semi-official language of a country, used in
government, law courts, media and educational systems
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Mastering this language as early in life as possible
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The language made a priority in a country's foreign-language teaching
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When does a Language become a world language?
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A quarter of the world's population is learning english
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The need for a lingua franca - a method of communication for all people
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Political power, technological power, economic power, cultural power
Colonialism brough English around the world
Industrial revolution was an English-language event
A language becomes a world language because of the power of the people who speak it
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Why a World Language?
Politics
1.
Growth of the British Empire
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English as one of the official languages, documents printed in English
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English takes a place in major international political gatherings
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For political events, English is often seen on a banner or placard as part of the occasion
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Economics
2.
Beginning of 19th century, Britain became the world's leading industrial and trading nation
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Most industrial revolution innovations were of British origin
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People learnd about these technologies through the medium of English
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Printing allowed mass publications in English
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Economic imperialism
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The Press
3.
Introduction of printing technology in 19th century
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Censorship and restriction meant that English news developed much more slowly
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Today, a majority of the world's newspapers are published where English may be the language
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Invention of the telegraph
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Advertising
4.
Combination of social and economic factors led to increase of advertisements, especially
industrialized countries
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Mass production led to high competition
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Income from advertising
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International markets growth
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Broadcasting
5.
First radio telecommunication signals through the air without wires
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Telegraph code signals
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English was the first language to be transmitted by radio
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Most other countries showed increases in external broadcasting during the post-war years
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11: World Languages
November 27, 2017
10:30 PM
Class Notes Page 1
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