Textbook Notes (367,980)
Canada (161,540)
Psychology (1,468)
PSYCH 1X03 (260)
Chapter 7

1X03 ch. 7 Part 1 notes.docx

3 Pages
74 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 1X03
Professor
Christopher Teeter
Semester
Fall

Description
Introduction • Study by Iredale et al. – men more generous to strangers and women more generous toward relatives and friends – possibly because men are trying to attract a mate • Participants completed a series of tasks and then were asked what percentage of their earnings they would be willing to donate – men significantly increased the amount when observed by a female experimenter rather than a male/no effect on women Section 1: Attributions • Fundamental Attribution Error (FAE) – over-estimate dispositional attribute s and under-estimate situational attributes – more likely to make this error for others than for ourselves • Situational – depends on the situation (ex. Late to a meeting because of traffic) • Dispositional – depends on the disposition/traits of the person (ex. Late to a meeting because they are disorganized/careless with other peoples’ time) • The Self-Serving Bias – our dispositional assumptions of others may be positive/negative but in general we are biased to a good evaluation of ourselves • Successes are reflective of our true abilities and failures are flukes of circumstance • Ex. A+ is representative of your intelligence but F means the prof made the test really hard • Cognitive Heuristics – general approaches to problems based on our experiences – helps us to make quicker decisions • Representativeness heuristic – judge a sample (a particular outcome) to be likely to occur if it is similar to the population form which it was selected • Availability heuristic – probability estimates are affected by how easily we can think of examples – can lead us in the wrong direction if an unusual case is in the forefront of our mind • The False Consensus Effect – the belief that your thoughts are similar to others – makes us overestimate how much others agree with us – believe more people share our views than actually do – helps us to protect our self-esteem • Stereotypes: • Illusion correlation – believe 2 variables are related even if there is no evidence for that relationship – formation of stereotypes (ex. Lawyers are liars) • Some stereotypes and prejudice reside in our unconscious – most people when asked explicitly will deny being racist  Study by Payne (2005) – Implicit Association Task: subjects were quickly shown a picture of a white face/black face and then quickly shown a picture of a tool (ex. Wrench)/gun – more likely to say the tool was a gun if preceded by a black face  People won’t directly tell you that they associate guns with black people but when they are tested implicitly and they have to respond quickly, they show bias  There have been cases of police shooting black individuals because they thought they were reaching for a gun when they were innocent and reaching for their wallet Section 2: Attitudes • Bem’s Self-
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 1X03

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit