Textbook Notes (367,980)
Canada (161,540)
Psychology (1,468)
PSYCH 1X03 (260)
Chapter 7

1X03 ch. 7 Part 1 notes.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Christopher Teeter

Introduction • Study by Iredale et al. – men more generous to strangers and women more generous toward relatives and friends – possibly because men are trying to attract a mate • Participants completed a series of tasks and then were asked what percentage of their earnings they would be willing to donate – men significantly increased the amount when observed by a female experimenter rather than a male/no effect on women Section 1: Attributions • Fundamental Attribution Error (FAE) – over-estimate dispositional attribute s and under-estimate situational attributes – more likely to make this error for others than for ourselves • Situational – depends on the situation (ex. Late to a meeting because of traffic) • Dispositional – depends on the disposition/traits of the person (ex. Late to a meeting because they are disorganized/careless with other peoples’ time) • The Self-Serving Bias – our dispositional assumptions of others may be positive/negative but in general we are biased to a good evaluation of ourselves • Successes are reflective of our true abilities and failures are flukes of circumstance • Ex. A+ is representative of your intelligence but F means the prof made the test really hard • Cognitive Heuristics – general approaches to problems based on our experiences – helps us to make quicker decisions • Representativeness heuristic – judge a sample (a particular outcome) to be likely to occur if it is similar to the population form which it was selected • Availability heuristic – probability estimates are affected by how easily we can think of examples – can lead us in the wrong direction if an unusual case is in the forefront of our mind • The False Consensus Effect – the belief that your thoughts are similar to others – makes us overestimate how much others agree with us – believe more people share our views than actually do – helps us to protect our self-esteem • Stereotypes: • Illusion correlation – believe 2 variables are related even if there is no evidence for that relationship – formation of stereotypes (ex. Lawyers are liars) • Some stereotypes and prejudice reside in our unconscious – most people when asked explicitly will deny being racist  Study by Payne (2005) – Implicit Association Task: subjects were quickly shown a picture of a white face/black face and then quickly shown a picture of a tool (ex. Wrench)/gun – more likely to say the tool was a gun if preceded by a black face  People won’t directly tell you that they associate guns with black people but when they are tested implicitly and they have to respond quickly, they show bias  There have been cases of police shooting black individuals because they thought they were reaching for a gun when they were innocent and reaching for their wallet Section 2: Attitudes • Bem’s Self-
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 1X03

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.