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Chapter 6

PSYCH 1XX3 Chapter 6: PSYCHOLOGICAL TREATMENTS
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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 1XX3
Professor
Joe Kim
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYCHOLOGICAL TREATMENTS: Diversity of Treatment Consumers: Tailoring to the disorder: o Accurate and comprehensive clinical diagnosis (conceptualization) of a psychological disorder is important first step to choosing appropriate treatment o Ego syntonic disorders: symptoms of disorder are perceived by indiv w disorder as valued or advantageous o Ego dystonic disorders: symptoms of disorder are perceived by indiv as undesirable Tailoring to indiv: o Stages of change: characterize the effective stepwise change of problematic thoughtsbehaviours Precontemplation: inabilityunwillingness to acknowledge the existence of a problem Contemplation: indiv acknowledges existence of the problem, but may be unsureunwilling to change the problem Preparation: recognition of the problem and preparation for change Action: taking steps to change behaviour Maintenance: continuation of healthy habits formed at the action stage Relapse: full reemergence of old, unhealthy patterns of behaviour, often returning indiv to precontemplation stage Diversity of Treatment Providers: Licensed psychologists (psychologists w specific training and certification in clinical or counselling psychology) and psychiatrists (medical doctors who have advanced training and certification in the practice of psychiatry) Social workers, counsellors, mental health workers Therapeutic relationship: quality of this relationship accounts for as much of the treatment outcome as does the treatment methods o Alliance: degree to which patient and therapist are able to form working alliance in indiv therapy o Cohesion: group cohesion in group therapy o Empathy: understanding of the patients emotions and thoughts o Feedback: degree to which therapist collects and responds to feedback from patient Positive regard: therapist views patient as a fundamentally good person o Goal consensus o Collaboration Diversity of Treatment Options: Mediate: cause Moderate: influence Efficacy: ability of a treatment to produce a desired effect in highly controlled settings, used in pharmacological treatment research
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