Textbook Notes (363,145)
Canada (158,221)
Psychology (1,309)
PSYCH 1XX3 (270)
Joe Kim (243)
Chapter 5


11 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Joe Kim

PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS: What is Abnormality?: 4 Ds: deviance, distress, dysfunction, danger (guidelines, exhibiting one or more doesnt label someone as having psychological disorder) Deviance: having thoughts, emotions, and behaviours that fall far outside of the standards of what others are doing Distress: experiencing intense negative feelings due to their behaviour (ex. anxiety, sadness, despair) o Some exceptions, and person who is free of distress is not necessarily psychologically healthy (ex. bipolar person in manic phase, antisocial personality disorder who feels no distress when harming others) Dysfunction: behaviour tends to interfere w the persons ability to function properly in their daily lives o maladaptive behaviours bc they prevent person from adapting well to their environ Danger: either to oneself or another Classifying Disorders: DSM: diagnostic and statistical manual o Main function is to categorize and describe MD so there is common set of criteria for applying a diagnostic label, and to allow researchers to talk to each other about MD using a common language o Undergone multiple revisions, DSM5 began shift from categorical classification (classified items differ from each other in kind, rigid boundaries, can only belong to one specific kind of category in a mutually exclusive manner, ex. short or tall) to dimensional classification (classified items differ from each other in degree, better describes psychological disorders which can overlap in symptoms, risk factors, causes) o Criticisms: Says DSM5 still represents categorical Discrete categories are potentially unreliable and have negative implications for treatment (subclinical cases that cause impairment, but do not qualify for diagnosis of psychological disorder, go untreated) Comorbidity: coexistence of two or more disorders at the same time Our diagnostic criteria overlaps too much, is our classification system missing the bigger picture? Epidemiology: The study of the distribution of psychological disorders in a pop Ex. major depressive disorder 2x more common in women, ppl in collectivist societies w social anxiety fear offending others while ppl in individualist societies fear embarrassing themselves Prognosis: the probable course of an illness
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 1XX3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.