Textbook Notes (363,074)
Canada (158,173)
Psychology (1,303)
PSYCH 2B03 (108)
Chapter 11

Chapter 11- Solving Problems.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Judith Shedden

Psych 2H03: Human Learning and Cognition Chapter 11: Solving Problems Problem: a situation that occurs when the goal state and the current state are different. Problem solving: transforming the current state into the goal state. Representation: the understanding of a problem: what facts it specifies, what action is required, and what possible methods can be used to solve it. Routine problem solving: the application of learned knowledge or techniques to find a solution. Nonroutine problem solving: the use of strategies or procedures that do not guarantee a solution, but offer the possibility of success. Well-defined problem: problems that have definite goals, specify all relevant information, and for which a clear answer is obvious. Ill-defined problem: a problem that does not contain a clearly specified goal, information, or solution. Open domain: an area or topic without restrictions; any information can be considered. Impersonal reasoning: a calculation that can be applied to any topic and doesn’t involve the reasoned. Personal reasoning: a form of inference (i.e., some aspects of moral reasoning of which values and beliefs dominate). Metacognition: the ability to reason and draw inferences coupled with the ability to determine if the reasoning process is progressing correctly. Epistemic monitoring: in an ill-defined problem, the ability to determine if a legitimate representation of the problem is being made, along with the correct understanding and appropriate methods needed to reach a solution. Framing: a description of a situation that influences the kind of representation and methods a person uses to solve a problem. Analogical reasoning: problem solving based on noticing similarities between a current problem and one that was encountered in the past. Closed domain: an area of topic that contains all the information needed to find a clear solution to a problem, such as in a well-defined problem. Insight: perceiving the solution to a problem at an unexpected time or in an unanticipated way (e.g., the aha! Experience). Creativity: problem solutions that are both novel and useful. Functional fixedness: failure to see a different use for an object; inability to change the organization of a proble. Dopaminergic theory of positive affect (DTPA): the theory that mood affects the production of the neurotransmitter dopamine, which in turn activates parts of the brain that contribute to problem solving and creativity
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 2B03

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.