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PSYCH 2B03 (108)
Chapter 19

Chapter 19 Conclusion - Textbook Notes.docx

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McMaster University
Richard B Day

Psych 1B03 2012 Part VI: What Personality Does: Learning, Thinking, Feeling and Knowing Conclusion: Looking Back and Looking Ahead The Different Approaches  Impossible to account for everything at once – must limit selves to a certain perspective and to the questions and variables that seem most important  Each psychological approach focuses on limited number of key concerns  Trait Approach – focuses on individual differences; personality traits that make every individual psychologically unique  Biological Approach – concentrates on the architecture and function of the nervous system and on the heritability and evolutionary history of behavioural patterns  Psychoanalytic Approach – focuses on the unconscious mind and the complicated effects of motivations and conflicts of which we are not even aware  Humanistic Approach – focuses on moment-to-moment conscious awareness, the way experiencing life one moment at a time might give us free will and the ability to choose how we see reality; approach leads to an appreciation of the way cultural differences create diverse construal’s of reality  Learning and Cognitive Approaches – focus on how rewards and punishments in the environment shape behaviour, and how behaviour is in many ways a function of its situation  Modern cognitive research into personality emphasized basic mental processes relevant to perception, memory, motivation, emotional, and the cluster of memories and attitudes called “the self” Which One is Right?  Theories do not give different answers to the same question, but answers to different questions  Thus – none are “right”; but each answers a different question The Order of Approaches  Least favorite to favorite  Historically chronological – difficult to sort out; old theory, new research, overlap, incoherent etc  Order in which they are teachable – approaches branch off, react to and interact with each other No Single Approach Accounts for Everything  Any approach that tried to account for all key concerns would be inevitably confusing, incoherent, incomplete and unwieldy o Limitations that each basic approach has imposes on observation and theorizing are not faults; they are the purpose of the approach o Self limitation helps to avoid becoming overwhelmed and confused, and allows each basic approach to focus on providing a thorough account of and useful knowledge about the phenomena the approach is designed to address  Existent of alt
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