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Psychology (1,468)
PSYCH 2B03 (108)
Chapter 1

CHAPTER 1 Textbook Notes- The Personality Puzzle

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Richard B Day

CHAPTER 1: THE STUDY OF THE PERSON - Psychology: precise manipulation of independent variables for the furtherance of compelling theoretical accounts of well-specified phenomena. - Psychological triad: how people think, feel, and behave - Inconsistencies or conflicts between thoughts, feelings and behavior are common - Personality psychology vs. clinical psychology: sometimes overlap when patterns of personality are extreme, unusual and cause problems. Both subfields try to understand the whole person at a time, not parts of persons - Personality psychology draws from social, cognitive, developmental, clinical, and biological psychology Goals of Personality Psychology: - Personality: individual’s characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior, together with psychological mechanisms- hidden or not- behind those patterns - Putting together the pieces of the puzzle; integrated view of whole Mission: Impossible - limit what to look at; look for specific patterns to tie together different kinds of observations - Basic approach (paradigm) : systematic, self-imposed limitation - Trait approach: ways that people differ psychologically and how these differences might be conceptualized and measured - Biological approach: understand the mind in terms of the body mechanisms (anatomy, physiology, genetics, evolution) - Psychoanalytic approach: unconscious mind, the nature and resolution of internal mental conflict - Phenomenological approach: people’s conscious experience of the world, their phenomenology - Humanistic Psychology: how conscious awareness can produce unique human attributes such as anxiety, creativity, and free will; tries to understand meaning and basis of happiness - Cross-Cultural Psychology: degree to which psychology aand reality might vary across cultures - Learning approach: ways people change their behavior as a result of rewards, punishments and other experi
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