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Chapter 14

Chapter 14 - PSYCH 2MA3

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McMaster University
Michael Schutz

PSYCH 2MA3 Chapter 14 2612801The emotional power of musicmusic expresses emotions or induces bodily states that are interpreted as emotionsthe area of how music conveys emotions is in a preparadigmatic phaseemotion include feelings subjective experience 2 musical questions about emotion in music can be answered by studies 1 How are musical emotions communicated2 How does music induce emotional statesExpression of emotion in music General musical features Hevner 1936focused on four features of music 1 major and minor key 2 rising and falling melodic line 3 firm or flowing motion in rhythm and 4 simplicity and complexity of harmony for each pair ie rising and falling Hevner developed pieces of music subjects chose from a list of words what they though the music was expressing musically trained and untrained generally agreed on what the songs were conveying4 main findings 1 Major keys are happy while minor were described as sad 2 Firm rhythms were vigorous while flowing rhythms are graceful 3 Complex dissonant harmonies are exciting while simple harmonies are happy and graceful 4 Difference between rising and falling rhythms were not observedBalkwillThompson 1999we can also detect emotions in music from other culturesjudgment of emotions corresponds with judgments of tempo loudness and complexity
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