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Chapter 14

PSYCH 2AP3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: No Brain, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Attention


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 2AP3
Professor
Richard B Day
Chapter
14

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Neurodevelopmental disorders
Psychopathology - study of how disorders arise and change in time
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Developmental perspective - absence of early and meaningful social relationships has
consequences
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Biological and psychosocial influences interact
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ADHD
Acting without thinking
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DSM has 2 categories of symptoms
Inattention - ADD
1.
Hyperactivity & impulsivity
2.
ONE OF ^ these to be diagnosed
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Statistics
Girls tend to be less hyper than boys with ADHD
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Overtime become less impulsive although inattention persists
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Causes
Multiple genes
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Smoke or drink during pregnancy / maternity stress
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Marital instability
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Thought to involve brain damage
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No brain damage found with those with ADHD
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Overall brain size 3-4% smaller
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Toxins, allergens and food additives - 1975 theory
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Psychological and social dimensions
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Treatment
Biological - reduce children's impulsivity and hyperactivity and improve attention sk
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psychosocial - improving academics & social skills, decreasing disruptive behavior
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Usually recommended stimulant and psychotherapy intervention
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Concern with stimulants
Potential for abuse
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Over prescribed and long term effects not understood
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SPECIFIC LEARNING DISORDER
Performance below what would be expected given age, education IQ etc.,
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Cannot be caused by sensory deficit
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