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Chapter 10

PSYCH 2B03 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Libido, Therapeutic Relationship, 18 Months


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 2B03
Professor
Richard B Day
Chapter
10

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PSYCH 2B03 CHAPTER 10 – BASICS OF PSYCHOANALYSIS
INTRO
- psychoanalytic approach: used to try understand the subconscious
- developed by Freud
FREUD’S HISTORY
- lived from 1856-1939
- a medical doctor in Vienna, Austria
- began his career as a research neurologist
- studied hypnosis with Charcot in Paris, moved to the practise of psychiatry
- fundamental discovery: just talking about psychological problems could sometimes cure them
- first used hypnosis to get patients to talk about problems, turned to free association
- free association: instructing patient to say whatever came to mind to express problems
- Freud though talking about problems helped because:
- it brings fears to conscious where they can be dealt with rationally
- the psychotherapist can provide emotional support
- both the psychoanalytic and humanistic approach begins with trying to understand the self
- most of Freud’s patients were women who reported childhood sexual abuse
KEY IDEAS OF PSYCHOANALYSIS
- 4 ideas that make up foundation of psychoanalysis:
- psychic determinism
- determinism: idea that everything that happens has a cause that can be identified
- psychic determinism: idea that everything that happens in a person’s mind has a
specific cause
- this idea leaves no room for miracles, free will, or random accidents
- means that psychology can explain anyone’s behavior
- concludes that many important mental processes are unconscious
- internal structure
- the mind has an internal structure made of parts that can function independently and can
conflict with one another
- mind: psychological result of what the brain and body do
- divided into 3 parts: id, ego, and superego
- brain: a physical organ
- psychic conflict
- compromise formation: ego’s main job is to find a middle course between the
competing demands of the id and superego
- result of compromise is what the person consciously thinks and actually does
- mental energy
- mind needs energy to make it work, done through libido
- libido: a mental, psychic energy
- only a fixed and finite amount is available at any given moment
- Freud based it on principle of conservation of energy
- believed if not used, it could build up over time
- believed if it were to be used for one purpose, the same energy could not
simultaneously be used for something else
- criticisms:
- people do not like to be analyzed
PSYCHOANALYSIS, LIFE, AND DEATH
- Freud believed that 2 motives were fundamental:
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