September 16 th
What do Social Workers Do?
Canadian Association of Social Work- code of ethics: Social Work is a profession
that is dedicated to the welfare and the self-realization of all people.
- Self-realisation: reaching a persons full potential, realizing the goals they want to
The development and disciplined use of scientific and professional knowledge
- Social workers go through process of education and skill development, there’s a
knowledge base and we are committed to using that to help people
Social workers are also committed to the development of resources and skills
to meet individual, group, national and international needs and aspirations
and the achievement of social justice.
- Achievement of social justice- equitable society, abusive relations-sign that social
justice exist- victims are women, social justice systems (police, court) don’t enact
social justice but the perpetrator.
- The work Social workers do to insure Social Justice- awareness raising, that
injustice does exist and advocate, insuring better justice could be by making better
programmes and resources.
Social Workers are interested in the need and empowerment of people who
are vulnerable and oppressed.
Philosophy that the school of Social work has at McMaster : we understand that
there are relationships in which some people are oppressed and marginalized where
some people have power and control.
Social Workers are committed to achieving human rights
Types of Service
Direct service- providing to direct service to individuals (counselling) or to group
and communities, actual engagement, building relation and making change through
relationships, working for public or publicly funded social service agencys
Indirect service- Paperwork, making sure the direct service happens, participation
in social movement aimed to make change in a society at a larger scale, without
directly engaging, policy and research departments- responsible for responsive
programmes policy’s and services, do they advocacy, engaging with the Ontario
work benefit officer, advocate that they do need the needs they aren’t being
provided, advocating to the bank to get just services, employed through the
government or non government organization less community based, formulating/analyzing/developing social policies or programes
Levels of Practice
Micro- direct level, with individuals
Mezzo- working with communities, communities development work,
Macro- UNISEF, at an international scale, working with organizations to improve
change or laws or policies in the general society.
Ex. Dr. without scale- works at international level- share resources through
Case worker- practioner doing one on one counselling with individuals, part of a
social service agency but now its a lot more broad- not only attending to individual
problems but changing the social environment and empowerment of people to
improve there situations
Roles of Social Workers
Enabler- helping people organize to help themselves; helping a community identify
problems, explore and select strategies, mobilize and organize to address the
Doing the work to help people better understand the situation and the areas they
can make change in, enable communities to make the changes they would like to,
helping people find the skills and the space to help them advocate for themselves.
Broker: Link individuals and groups who need help (linking an abused women to a
shelter for battered women) Linking individual to resources
During the intake and assessment process- what are the needs of the person and
what are the services, resources or programmes we can connect them to
Advocate- providing leadership in advocating on behalf of a person or institutions
decisions on providing services.
Initiator- Calls attention to problems or the problems of a programme or policy
may cause , calling atten