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Canada (158,054)
Sociology (229)
Chapter 12

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McMaster University
Tina Fetner

Chapter 12- Family  Dominant- male breadwinner and female house maker  Normative- it has been hailed, then and now, as the proper form for families  Mythical- its existence doesn’t represent a natural, timeless, or universal approach to family arrangements  Traditional- not always the dominant model, this idea of family isn't a universal fact Family forms and changes  Endogamy is marriage to someone within one's social group.  Exogamy is marriage someone outside one's social group. Legally possible but not always culturally acceptable.  Monogamy is the practise of having only one sexual partner at a time  Polygamy is the practise of having more than one sexual partner at a time.  Polyandry is the practise of having multiple husbands simultaneously.  Polygyny is the practise of having multiple wives simultaneously, the most common form of polygamy.  Cultural norms and state regulations play a fundamental role in your love life. Malinowski and the traditional family  A traditional nuclear family consisting of a father, mother and their children. The family in the western world today  Extended family, kin networks that extend outside or beyond the nuclear family  Cohabitation is living together in an intimate relationship without formal legal or religious sanctioning.  Fewer than 10% of families consisted of male breadwinners and female house makers, and their children.  Higher divorce rate among couples who cohabit before marriage than those who don’t.  Because most people who cohabit are also the kind of people who are more likely to flout social conventions and therefore divorce anyway.  Proportion of women who never marry and never have children are on the rise.  Women who do have children and doing so at a later age  The number of twins birth rose 52%, as professional white women increasingly delay childbearing they are more likely give birth to twins Early modern families  Kinship networks, strings of relationships between people related by blood and co- residence (marriage)  Families tended to live near their kin and thus could rely for help and support on kinship networks. Families in the industrial era  Cult of domesticity is the notion that true womanhood centres on domestic responsibility and child rearing Families after world war 2  Most men's earning weren't high enough to afford a stay home mom and dependent children.  Women worked outside the home Family and work: a not so subtle revolution  More women are working and putting off marriage and bearing children  Having a working mother in one's early years can result in lower cognitive achievement and increased behavioural problems for a child.  Yet another study claims that: for moms with lower income levels, leaving kids in day care to enter the workforce is beneficial.  Family situations are just too complex and diverse to generalize.  When a mother worked while raising her children, the adult daughters and sons eventually attained jobs that were more or less equivalent and made about the same income.  But in families, with a stay at home mom the gender gap widens A feminist "rethinking of the family"  The family is where people first learn how to "do gender" in conformity with social rules.  Even household's income is gendered. Women's money is "fun money" and men's money are earmarked for essentials When home is no heaven: domestic abuse  Broad social factors like poverty, single-parent households, and low levels of educational attainment are associated with higher levels of all types of domestic abuse.  Children see their parent's violence and treat their siblings like that too  Wives are less likely to kill their husba
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