Chapter 12- Family
Dominant- male breadwinner and female house maker
Normative- it has been hailed, then and now, as the proper form for families
Mythical- its existence doesn’t represent a natural, timeless, or universal approach
to family arrangements
Traditional- not always the dominant model, this idea of family isn't a universal fact
Family forms and changes
Endogamy is marriage to someone within one's social group.
Exogamy is marriage someone outside one's social group. Legally possible but not
always culturally acceptable.
Monogamy is the practise of having only one sexual partner at a time
Polygamy is the practise of having more than one sexual partner at a time.
Polyandry is the practise of having multiple husbands simultaneously.
Polygyny is the practise of having multiple wives simultaneously, the most common
form of polygamy.
Cultural norms and state regulations play a fundamental role in your love life.
Malinowski and the traditional family
A traditional nuclear family consisting of a father, mother and their children.
The family in the western world today
Extended family, kin networks that extend outside or beyond the nuclear family
Cohabitation is living together in an intimate relationship without formal legal or
Fewer than 10% of families consisted of male breadwinners and female house
makers, and their children.
Higher divorce rate among couples who cohabit before marriage than those who
Because most people who cohabit are also the kind of people who are more likely to
flout social conventions and therefore divorce anyway.
Proportion of women who never marry and never have children are on the rise.
Women who do have children and doing so at a later age
The number of twins birth rose 52%, as professional white women increasingly delay
childbearing they are more likely give birth to twins Early modern families
Kinship networks, strings of relationships between people related by blood and co-
Families tended to live near their kin and thus could rely for help and support on
Families in the industrial era
Cult of domesticity is the notion that true womanhood centres on domestic
responsibility and child rearing
Families after world war 2
Most men's earning weren't high enough to afford a stay home mom and dependent
Women worked outside the home
Family and work: a not so subtle revolution
More women are working and putting off marriage and bearing children
Having a working mother in one's early years can result in lower cognitive
achievement and increased behavioural problems for a child.
Yet another study claims that: for moms with lower income levels, leaving kids in day
care to enter the workforce is beneficial.
Family situations are just too complex and diverse to generalize.
When a mother worked while raising her children, the adult daughters and sons
eventually attained jobs that were more or less equivalent and made about the same
But in families, with a stay at home mom the gender gap widens
A feminist "rethinking of the family"
The family is where people first learn how to "do gender" in conformity with social
Even household's income is gendered. Women's money is "fun money" and men's
money are earmarked for essentials
When home is no heaven: domestic abuse
Broad social factors like poverty, single-parent households, and low levels of
educational attainment are associated with higher levels of all types of domestic
Children see their parent's violence and treat their siblings like that too Wives are less likely to kill their husba