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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCIOL 2Z03
Professor
David Young
Semester
Winter

Description
2Z03 January 13  Lecture: *Tutorials every other week. The Foundations of Social Science ­ The foundations of social science are logic and observation ­ Theory provides the logic part of social science research ­ THEORY: A systematic explanation for the observations that relate to a  particular aspect of life ­ Example: CRIME we need theory to understand why crime rates increase/  decrease.. why some people commit crimes etc. ­ CONTROL THEORY: Individuals not constrained by normal social ties are  more likely to commit (minor) crimes. Examines person who commits the crime ­ Routine Activities Theory: Opportunities to commit crime explain why certain  types of crimes occur. Sometimes two theory conflicts with each other. More  focused on who are the victims of crimes.  Theory Not philosophy or belief ­ Social theory has to do with what is, not with what should be (although we all  have some ideas of what should be) ­ Social Science research cannot be used to settle value debates (eg. Smoking in car  with young children in vehicle is bad says social science research) ­ Based on scientific research we can develop values and create laws to find out  what we believe right or wrong. ­ Science can help us know what is and why (eg­ what is changing, why is it  changing?) Social Regularities: The search for patterns of behavior and 
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