SOCIOL 1A06 Chapter Notes -List Of Political Parties In Canada, Siq, Canadian Alliance
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SIQ Politics Notes
Chapter 20 – “The 1993 “Earth Quake” by Lawrence LeDuc
1960-1993: Canadian party system had 2 strong parties: Liberal & Progressive
Conservative and 1 weak party: New Democratic
2 new parties shattered the old system: The Bloc Quebecois and the Reform party.
Made it difficult to weave together a national majority
3 leaders created a new party that could compete against the liberals: Reform, Canadian
Alliance and Conservative Party of Canada
Old “two and a half” party system had changed
2006 federal election: defeat of Liberal party after 12 years in power to Harper
2008 election: Conservatives retained power but with a minority gvnt
1993 election = new party system was formed. New system referred to as the “fourth
party system”. Makes it hard for any party to get the majority number of votes, or even
seats across the country
There is Liberal continuity=Canadian identify with the Liberal Party than with any other
of its competitors
Canadian political parties of the pat = brokerage parties = do not seek to appeal voters
on the basis of long-standing principles or ideological commitment, not bound by
positions or actions they have taken in the past, inconsistent when responding to new
versions of old problems , organize around leaders rather than principles or ideologies,
and expect leader to work out compromises.
Brokerage politics leads to weak parties, little commitment from voters, considerable
volatility, or at least the potential for volatility in elections.
Brokerage politics is returning to Federal political arena.
2006 campaign “Green Shift Policy” a short-term policy in Liberal party
2006 election shows that brokerage politics still valued in Canada
Liberal party = searched for strategic votes, not ideology centred like that of
Liberal party is weaker today in terms of corew support than it was in the 1960-70s
Proportion of Canadians identify themselves as conservative
*weak linkage between ideological self-placement and party alignment*
Conservative party voters do not place themselves on the right of the spectrum (where
they should be) left: 56%, right 9%
Liberal is even – both on left and right
½ of NDP supports on left
Chapter 20 the 1993 earth quake by lawrence leduc. 1960-1993: canadian party system had 2 strong parties: liberal & progressive. 2 new parties shattered the old system: the bloc quebecois and the reform party. Made it difficult to weave together a national majority. 3 leaders created a new party that could compete against the liberals: reform, canadian. Old two and a half party system had changed. 2006 federal election: defeat of liberal party after 12 years in power to harper conservatives. 2008 election: conservatives retained power but with a minority gvnt. 1993 election = new party system was formed. New system referred to as the fourth party system . Makes it hard for any party to get the majority number of votes, or even seats across the country. There is liberal continuity=canadian identify with the liberal party than with any other of its competitors.