SOCIOL 2U06 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Catholic Church, Child Custody, Nuclear Family

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
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Chapter Two
Conceptualizing families: theoretical frameworks
Statistic Canada describes:
o Census family married couple with or without of either or both spouses
o Couples living common-law with or without children of either or both spouses
o Lone parent of marital status living with at least one child
o Couples may be of same sex or different
o Children include grandchildren and people have been previously married
o Does not identify a family head
Lone parents are increasing as result of divorces, and women bearin children individually
Same sex marriage increasing
o Legalized in june 2005
o Stephen harpers government wasn’t happy and tried to restore ‘traditional definintion
of family’ when they were in power but were unsuccessful
Livein relationships increasing
Roman catholic church, pope benedict XVI urged us bishop to oppse same sex marriage
o Catholic church believes marriage is sacred union between men and women, human and
divine
‘the war over the family’ written by Brigitte berger and peter berger
o Femenists and the Christian new rights were fighting over the definintion of family in us
o William gairdner said Destroying trad family and in turn entire society
‘’the anti-social fam’ written by Michele barrett nd mary mcintosh
o Said nuclear family was anti-social
o Priviledged over other relatonships and could be dangerous
Normative family models do not always work
o Males are not always the wage earners in household, for example single moms
Family definitions guards rights
o The will is granted to the imeediate family
o When sick or ill the schoo/hospital contact family as oppose to friends or distant fam
who are supporting you
Family is often the primary socialization agent in an infants live
o Hence ‘self’ is related to family
Early 20th century family definition was so strong that anyone disobeying that was subject to
harsh social pressures
Early 21st century calls for greater acceptance in relation to variations in families
19th century female were submissive to men in terms of legal power, finance
This greater acceptance in society led to confusion
o Men were initially held responsible for the financial stability of their spouse
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o But now that wifes are working that does not hold true
o However women have a poor status in the work field and so after support they may still
require financial aid which is now ineligible
Child custody is an issue
o 19th century male were given custdy
o Later women proved to be care givers and got custody
o Now they try to give to tho whoever Is in best interest of child which often gets
confusing
Norm to be labelled at single or a couple
Polygamous relationships are taboos in society (multiple intimate sexual couples)
o Houses, hotel rooms are built with only one master bedroom which does not
accommodate more than one intimate couple living together
Office benefits are only given to one spouse
Family/friends close to child does not get claim but rather the parents do, who may not even
care about the child
Theories around families
o Patriarchal theory (prior to 1850)
Primamry family is a married man and women and their children
Practices genedered division of labour
Practiced in bourgeois and middle-class European society
This type of family was basis of social organization
The father had power
Their sons married, extended family and their fams resembled the original
group
The system expanded till a point that a government was required to for
authority
They were the extension of father/son in authority
Rest of the basic unit of society
rooted in judeo-chiristian this primary family system was god-given and rest
other types of family were immoral
o 1850 debates emerged to challenge this theory
The economic, social and political developments with capitalism
Lead to social unrest which shows the diversity in human social organizations
The social movement in europe supported women to not be oppressed in
relationship
Other social movements proposed that children should be brought up
collectively in community
o Within pro-capitalist position there were two tendencies
1. Patriarchal families were essential
They called them procreative families, now known as nuclear families
Are the only universal biological form
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Document Summary

Lone parents are increasing as result of divorces, and women bearin children individually. Same sex marriage increasing: legalized in june 2005, stephen harpers government wasn"t happy and tried to restore traditional definintion of family" when they were in power but were unsuccessful. Roman catholic church, pope benedict xvi urged us bishop to oppse same sex marriage: catholic church believes marriage is sacred union between men and women, human and divine. "the anti-social fam" written by michele barrett nd mary mcintosh: said nuclear family was anti-social, priviledged over other relatonships and could be dangerous. Normative family models do not always work: males are not always the wage earners in household, for example single moms. Family definitions guards rights: the will is granted to the imeediate family, when sick or ill the schoo/hospital contact family as oppose to friends or distant fam who are supporting you.

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