A Doll House.docx

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Theatre & Film Studies
Peter Cockett

CMST 1A03 week 4(1): A Doll House  01/29/2014 Cultural context • Ibsen’s realist plays considered too scandalous for public performance • Performed in “private” theatres • A Doll House first performed in Denmark, 1879 Cultural discourses Christianity: • “man is created in man’s image” • social systems understood/justified by appeal to a “higher authority” • eg. Heterosexual marriage as a sacred institution Naturalism: • Charles Darwin: The Origin of th Species (1859) • Evolution id dependent on environment/hereditary factors • Human behavior is also influenced by environment/hereditary factors • Auguste Comte (1798-1857) • “positivism” – invention of sociology • metaphysical explanations should be replaced by material explanations • determine social factors behind an individual Emile Zola (1840-1902) Applied principles of naturalism to art: Theatre/novels should represent life as it is This will reveal how hereditary/environmental factors determine human behavior/issues Wanted to look at way people actually behalf, instead of forcing people to look up to an ideal of how they should be Ibsen’s social realism Shaped by naturalist science: abundance of material details complex character psychology use of subject plausible action dialogue mimics everyday conversation action challenges conventional morality society’s social/moral ideals are put into conflict w/ the reality of how people live their lives Moral ideals being challenged class superiority: the upper cl
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