NURS 2215 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8, 13: Population Health, Occupational Safety And Health, Risk Management

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Class 1: Guided Questions for Readings
Stamler, Yiu, & Dosani (2015): Chapter 13 - Community Nursing Process (pp. 246 – 249)
1. What is community health nurses’ goal?
-Community health nurses' goal is to improve the health of the community by
promoting, preserving, and protecting the health of individuals, families,
aggregates, and population.
2. What is the definition of a community?
-A community may be defined as a group of people, who live, learn, work, and
play in an environment at a given time.
-They share common characteristics and interests, and function within a larger
social system such as an organization, region, province, or nation.
-A community is also defined by its place or geographical boundaries, which
often are used to determine the location of service delivery.
3. What are the functions of a community?
-Space and infrastructures for housing, schools, recreation, government, and
health and social services
-Employment and income, including productivity and distribution through
consumption of goods, trading, and economic growth
-Security, protection, and law enforcement to protect the public from crime
-Participation, socialization, and networking for all community members
-Linkages with other community systems for opportunities for growth and
capacity building.
4. What are the three interactive community dynamics that support
community functions?
1. Effective communication:
Vertical communication- links communities to larger communities or to those with
higher decision-making power.
Horizontal communication- connects the community to work collaboratively with its
own members, environment, and other service systems.
Diagonal communication- reinforces the cohesiveness and communication of all
system components, both horizontally and vertically, and help reduce the silo effects that
occur when communication is done vertically and horizontally.
2. Leadership:
Formal Leaders are elected official politicians, such as mayors, members of
parliament, or the prime minister.
Informal Leasers are those with prominent positions in the community, such as
religious leaders, executives or representatives of community organizations or
professionals, elders of community groups, philanthropists, celebrities, or local heroes.
3. Decision-making:
Formal leaders use government policies
Informal leaders use their status to influence community groups and to effect change
Effective leaders collaborate with community groups to advocate for optimal change.
5. List and describe 2 models used for community health nursing practice.
Community Health Promotion Model
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