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SLGY 1101 (8)
Chapter 7

Chapter 7 – Racial and Ethnic Groups.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SLGY 1101
Professor
Lorraine Royall
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 7 – Racial and Ethnic Groups Functionalist Theory • Inequality between racial or ethnic groups has a social purpose. • See exclusion, prejudice, and discrimination as providing benefits for society as a  whole, and for particular groups within it. • Conflict intensifies people’s sense of identity and belonging and gives groups  more cohesion and a heightened sense of purpose. Critical Theory • Focus on how the most powerful group benefits more than the others from  differentiation, exclusion, and institutional racism (Ex. How economic  competition may promote the creation ad preservation of racial stereotypes). • Believe that majority groups seek to dominate the minority groups (economic  advantage to feel superior). • Racialization – tendency to introduce racial distinctions into situations that can be  managed without such distinctions. Symbolic Interaction Theory • Focus on micro sociological aspects of race and discrimination, such as the ways  people construct ethnic differences and racial labels to subordinate minority  groups.  • N word, chink, and spic are common slang terms used casually or sometimes with  cruel intent.  • These words may become self­fulfilling prophecies making people hate  themselves or reject their own group. • Racial Socialization – process by which we learn to perceive and evaluate people  (including ourselves) according to presumed racial or ethnic differences. Structural Theor
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