Chapter 7 – Racial and Ethnic Groups
• Inequality between racial or ethnic groups has a social purpose.
• See exclusion, prejudice, and discrimination as providing benefits for society as a
whole, and for particular groups within it.
• Conflict intensifies people’s sense of identity and belonging and gives groups
more cohesion and a heightened sense of purpose.
• Focus on how the most powerful group benefits more than the others from
differentiation, exclusion, and institutional racism (Ex. How economic
competition may promote the creation ad preservation of racial stereotypes).
• Believe that majority groups seek to dominate the minority groups (economic
advantage to feel superior).
• Racialization – tendency to introduce racial distinctions into situations that can be
managed without such distinctions.
Symbolic Interaction Theory
• Focus on micro sociological aspects of race and discrimination, such as the ways
people construct ethnic differences and racial labels to subordinate minority
• N word, chink, and spic are common slang terms used casually or sometimes with
• These words may become selffulfilling prophecies making people hate
themselves or reject their own group.
• Racial Socialization – process by which we learn to perceive and evaluate people
(including ourselves) according to presumed racial or ethnic differences.