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Chapter 11

SLGY 1101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Imagined Community, Unpaid Work, Culture Shock


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SLGY 1101
Professor
Brant Downey
Chapter
11

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Chapter(11-Families(and(Socialization(
Why is (social) class socialization important? What about gender? And race?
What%is%the%difference%between%primary%and%secondary%socialization?%What%is%anticipatory%
socialization?(
Family-any%social%unit%that%does%what%a%family%is%suppose%to%do.%
Social%norms-rules%to%live%by,%to%be%an%acceptable%member%of%society.%
Functionalist(views(on(family:(
% View%family%as%a%central%institution%in%society,%individual%people%coming%together.%
Expect%that%what%occurs%in%the%family%is%what%is%happening%in%society.%
*Parsons%&%Robert%Bales%believe%that%the%different%roles%that%men%and%women%have%in%family%is%
the%key%to%success.%Mother%is%the%caretaker,%father%works%outside%the%home.%
Critical(Theory:(
( -Take%a%historical%approach%and%focus%and%political%and%economical%changes%to%explain%
the%changes%in%family%life.%
Symbolic(Interactionism:(
( -focus%on%the%micro%level%of%sociology,%focus%on%how%family%members%interact%with%one%
another%and%how%conflict%is%resolved%between%them.%%
% -Social'Constructionist:%how%society%groups%people%and%how%it%privileges%certain%groups%
over%others.%%
%Functionalist:%%
Charles%Cooley%&%George%Mead:%%
% -Cooley:%Children%develop%on%their%own%by%what%they%see%those%around%doing.%%
Looking'glass'self:%We%see%ourselves%by%the%way%others%see%us%
Symbolic'interaction:%people%participate%in%their%own%socialization%through%social%
interaction.%%
Mead:%We%are%made%up%of%the%I%and%ME%
I- what%we%want%to%do%(ex:%sing%in%the%shower)%
ME-%% what%we%actually%choose%to%do%in%public,%and%what%is%expected%(ex:%not%sing%in%
public%because%it%would%be%seen%as%weird)%
Nuclear%family-%Ideal%family%
Socialization:%The%learning%we%go%throughout%our%life%to%become%an%accepted%member%
in%society.%%
Primary(socialization:%personality%is%formed,%during%childhood%the%socialization%done%
between%parents%and%how%we%are%raised.%
Secondary(socialization:%learning%after%childhood,%occurs%outside%the%family%
Anticipatory%socialization:%Learning%and%preparing%for%future%roles%(ex:%while%at%school%
studying%nursing,%you%learn%how%to%be%a%good%nurse%and%treat%and%interact%with%
patients)%
resocialization:%learning%new%roles%%
Classic%studies:%
Gender(socialization:%we%are%classified%into%genders%without%realizing%it,%men%and%female.%%
Racial(and(ethical(Socialization:(
All%of%the%ways%parents%shape%their%children%in%their%learning%and%understanding%of%race.%%
Class(socialization:(
Chapter(5(Gender(
%What%debates%or%conflicting%explanations%are%reviewed%in%the%article%on%Blackboard%called%
“Failing%Boys%and%the%Powder%Keg%of%Sexual%Politics”?%
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%
Sexism:(believing%one%gender%is%above%the%other%
Gender:%The%expected%behavior%that%describe%a%male%from%a%female;%set%of%social%expectations(
Functionalist:%%
Ask%the%question,%what%function%does%it%have%perform%for%society%as%a%whole?%When%it%
comes%to%gender%they%want%to%know%how%does%Gender%inequality%do%any%good%for%society.%%
They%believe%that%gender%division%is%beneficial%for%society%and%for%the%survival%of%mankind.%
Mother%will%fulfill%her%roles%better%at%home%and%she%is%the%one%to%give%birth%and%will%able%to%take%
better%care%of%the%child,%and%the%father%will%be%better%with%work%outside%the%home.%%
Critical(Theories:%Ask,%who%holds%the%power%and%benefits%social%arrangements?%Who%benefits%
more%from%gender%inequality?%
*Marxists-look%at%how%the%cheapest%labor%benefits%society.%%
Symbolic(Interactionism:(
*Look%at%how%gender%inequality%works/occurs%in%a%society.%Looks%at%the%way%people%
communicate%with%one%another,%and%interact.%%
*They%look%into%how%women%are%turned%into%sex%objects%
Sexual(double(standard:(The%expectation%that%women%will%act%or%feel%differently%than%then%
men%when%it%comes%to%sex.%
Social(Constructionist(approach:%Look%at%when%gender%inequality%began%or%how%
Types%of%Feminist%sociology:%Look%into%equal%rights%for%minorities%
Oakley:%through%her%research%of%women%found%that%many%women%found%housework%
unpleasant,%but%dealt%with%being%less%rights%because%that%what%was%required.%%Focused%on%
housework%and%how%it%was%viewed%from%a%males%point%of%view%and%female%point%of%view.%%
Gender(Socialization:(We%learn%about%the%opposite%sex%in%our%home,%since%we%are%born%we%are%
brought%up%with%the%role%that%we%are%either%male%or%female.%Pink%for%girls,%blue%for%boys%
Reference'groups:%whom%we%gain%ideas%of%what%proper%behavior%is%for%men%and%women%
Hidden'curriculum:'when%without%realizing%it%schools%can%get%boys%and%girls%to%sign%up%
for%certain%courses%due%to%their%gender%
Social(Media(
Mass%media%also%show%people%how%to%identify%themselves%and%what%their%role%should%be.%
*With%all%the%advancements%social%media%still%depicts%women%as%sexual%objects%
The%trends%of%femininity%and%masculinity%have%not%changed%with%all%the%social%changes.%
The(beauty(standard(
The%men%and%women%that%prevail%in%society%
Appearance(norm-(wanting%to%look%like%what%is%socially%accepted%
Social%media%shows%the%fantasies%of%what%men%and%women%should%look%like,%and%not%the%reality.%
Due%to%this%it%has%caused%a%drastic%change%in%women%and%men,%saying%women%and%men%are%
expected%to%look%a%certain%way,%because%its%what%is%most%popular%
Conflict(between(sexes(
Divorce%is%occurring%in%many%relationships,%the%percentage%is%less%with%common%law%partners%
and%married%couples.%
Glass'ceiling:'when%women%are%paid%less%than%man%or%promoting%men%over%women%even%If%the%
woman%is%more%qualified%for%the%position.%%
-barrier%faced%by%women%for%hiring%of%promoting%
The(gender(crime:(
Men%are%seen%as%being%more%violent%than%women,%and%more%likely%to%commit%crimes.%Women%
are%seen%as%more%gently%and%least%likely%to%commit%crimes.%
Gender(Influence(in(the(workplace:(
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