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Memorial University
PHIL 1200
Suma Rajiva

The Republic: Plato Dan Kalbhenn Philosophy 1200 April/15/13 Grade: 78 % [The following is a compendium of read material, class lecture and personal opinion. Those who use these notes should do so with caution, as the following might stray from core course discussion and concepts.] Justice, The Shepherd Argument Definition of art: The art of the shepherd/ruler is concerned with the well-being and good of the sheep/subjects and there satisfaction. Rulers do not like being in authority Unjust is lord of simple and just as they study to exploit. The just man serves to benefit others neglecting his own devices and is hated by the colleagues for not serving unjustly; confers payment even if no wealth is gained. States no one is wills to govern; no one likes to take the hand of responsibility of evils without payment. Payment, money or honour: Penalty can be payment. Good men do not wish open pay for governing shuns money or honour. Inducement of service stems from the fear of punishment. In a society filled with good men there would be as much fear of office as there was contention in reality. Goes on to define justice as wisdom and virtue and injustice as ignorance and vice, that injustice cannot act within the community as it is destructive in nature. Justice is an excellence and injustice is a defect. Inustice can never be more profitable then justice. Thrasymacian justice: justice is the interest of the stronger. Stipulates that it is politics and statecraft, not merely ones individual strength, that defines justice. In further defining the art of politics and its duties states that a sovereign will never-err and as such will always command to which suits his own interest and needs. Socrates view in regards to the Sheppard Argument : The art of piloting is his skill and authority over sailors. Every art has an interest for which the art has to consider and provide, the interest of any art is its perfection. Art has its own interests they have no needs; they care only for which is the subject of the art. It does not consider or enjoin the interest of the stronger but only the interest of the subject and weaker. Therefore the pilot considers no interest to himself but to that of his subjects or crew. This logic is very sound but to flourish requires the ideal. Socrates’ relies on the notion of universal virtues within all men; that justice is to do good ,and injustice is to do harm: “that human virtue is justice.”(Pg.11) Thrasymachus introduces the shepherd and the flock as an analogy of how a ruler views his subjects as pawns, manipulating them to his advantage and benefit. Moreover the use of sheep as the average and just subject showcases a simpleton in contrast to the shepherd; a thinking actor whose art lies in manipulating said sheep. Thrasymachus not only states that justice is define
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