Discourse on Methods and Meditations on First Philosophy:
Grade: 78 %
[The following is a compendium of read material, class lecture and personal opinion.
Those who use these notes should do so with caution, as the following might stray from
core course discussion and concepts.]
Understanding that Descartes is a sceptic of all truth, a solid foundation is needed in order
proceed in the task of proving the validity of further truths. This is found within Archimedean point
or “I think therefore I am”( Descartes 67), in which he reasons as truth in meditations two; from the
point of inward proof he believes he can now proceed in trying to understand if anything has validity
in the external reality.
The existence of the minds ability to deduce falsity, he questions if the mind produces truth
or is everything but fabrications of the mind, acting as “deceiver” (Descartes 80) In ascertaining his Archimedean point, Descartes aims to move outward in to external
reality, in order to prove an existence in which he has no idea exists. However he has a semblance in
order of how he might be able to perform such a task, for he believes there are qualities that cannot
be merely fabrication of his mind and as such must come from some external source.
In the matter of judgements where if solely based on the subjective perception of the
individual “they could hardly give *me+ any subject for err” ( Descartes 72) and as such must rely on
some external ideas in which the individual is subjected to.
The perspective is qualities in which the cogito is asserting onto the object and what goes on
without the individuals knowing i.e. light is bright, the light has a frequency of 60hz; in asserting that
outside forces do effect and exist beyond the subjective perspective of the individual and writes
Descartes “contain within them more objective reality than those that represent”.( Descartes 73)
Even though he has yet to prove that these ideas are not merely a manifest of his reality he sees no
inequality between th