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Chapter 4

Chapter Four Governing Rome.docx

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Department
Classical Studies
Course
CLST 101
Professor
Christina Zaccagnino
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter Four: Governing Rome February-03-13 6:53 PM  Republic was a mixed constitution, with a contribution from the oligarch senate and the democratic popular assemblies, as well as the almost monarchic consulships and the other holders of imperium  Comitia Centurata, st up by Serveus Tullus in the 6th C. BCE o Consisted on 193 centuriae, each centurai had one vote. o The people were fitted into the centuriae in accordance with the amount of property they were registed by the census as holding o The Proletarii could not produce any agriculture good but only children (proles) o The votes of the wealthy counted for far more than those of the poor o Voting began at the top of hierarchy, each centuriae declaring its decision in turn until a majority had been gained, once that had happened no other were asked  One tribe, one vote system in the beginning these tribes were geographical divisions of people o The wealthy did not have the same built in advantages that they had in comitia- centuria o The comitia-tributa was an assembly of the whole people, while the concilium plebis, was an assembly for plebs alone  The name patres (fathers) was often given to senators, being regarded at the city fathers of Rome o Thought to bring to their task the wisdom of age o The result of senators being appointed for life was to make the senate the most continuous element in the structure of te state o The basic idea was that the important people should be heard first and indeed as might be expected they tended to set the tone of debate for those who followed o People expressed their opinion by walking across the floor of the senate-house and sitting near the senator with whom they agreed o The only way the senate could exercise power was through the advice given to magistrates o By custom though not by law all legislation except that concerning the extension of citizenship whether it cam from a consul, a praetor or a tribune of the plebs had to be brought to the senate before being considered by the peoples assemblies o The senate had effective control over the foreign policy of the state o The consul h
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