Textbook Notes (368,432)
Canada (161,877)
CLST 200 (14)
Prof. (6)
Chapter 4

clst 200 Chapter4.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Classical Studies
CLST 200

Chapter Four: From the Bronze Age to the Iron Age – A Dark Age?  The End of the Bronze Age o Egypt attacked by Sea Peoples in 1186  Used a locally-made pottery that copied Mycenaean style and was at first called Mycenaean  Objection to the Sea Peoples being Mycenaean : “Pots don’t equal people” o Other well established kingdoms fall victim to various attackers  Hittite empire collapses after 1200  Troy suffered extensive destruction – may be the Trojan war  These attacks filled the world with refugees o Mycenaens anticipated trouble and bolstered defenses.  At Mycenae a long tunnel was constructed to reach an underground spring beyond the walls.  120 foot shaft dug at Athens leading to a spring.  Evidence of attacks from sea found at Pylos.  Pylos never reoccupied  Some places that were attacked managed to rebuild while others were completely destroyed.  Troy and the Trojan War o Story of Troy may be preserved memory of these times.  Schliemann used details from the Illiad to find a site he thought to be Troy  Evidence of at least seven superimposed cities  King Priam’s treasure: Artifacts and jewels found by Schliemann th o War of Troy fits well into the time of troubles happening in the 12 century.  Also fits into struggles between the Hittites and the Mycenaeans  The Ionian Migration o Speakers of Ionian Greek migrate to the northern Anatolian coast which will eventually be called Ionia  Athens took credit for the leadership of this migration. o Halicarnassus and Smyrna eventually become Ionian cities, either by culture (H) or officially (S) o Miletus shows continuous occupation. o Tradition gave Athens a key role in the migrations  Meeting place for refugees  Provider of assistance and leadership for the trip across the Aegean to Ionia.  Founder of some Ionian cities said to be Pylos  Solon: Athens is “the oldest home of the ancient Ionian race”  Athens most likely wanted to take credit for this due to the formation of an Ionian League by the twelve cities established by settlers.  Celebrate ethnic identity with the Panionia  During Athenian empire many Ionian cities paid tribute to them  This myth would serve to justify Athens power over the Ionians  Hints that Athens did play some role in the actual migrations.  Cyprus as a Refuge o Cyprus well-known source of copper o Island attracted many Mycenaean refugees o Lived side by side with Cypriots o Island eventually becomes Hellenised due to central Mycenaean presence  The cause(s) of the collapse(s) at the End of the Bronze Age o Greeks later attributed their problems at this time to a Dorian Invasion.  Sons of Herakles – Dorian speakers driven out a century earlier  Most convincing argument for this is the distribution of the Greek dialects in the classical period  Does not account for the widespread nature of the collapse  Fits well with Athenians later claim of supremacy over the Dorian population  “they deserve it” o Sea Peoples are a more likely option  Support of historical documentation o Earthquakes most likely destroyed many of the palaces  Recovery: The Eleventh and Early Tenth Centuries o With loss of Mycenaean palaces the practice of writing disappeared  Some Mycenaeans rebuilt palaces and expanded upon them.  Changes im
More Less

Related notes for CLST 200

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.