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Chapter 1

COMM 151 Chapter 1: 151 CH1


Department
Commerce
Course Code
COMM 151
Professor
Christopher Miners
Chapter
1

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WhatareOrganizations?
Organizations=socialinventionsforaccomplishingcommongoalsthroughgroupeffort
• Basiccharacteristicstofocuson:
• Socialinventions
• Goalaccomplishment
• Groupeffort
SocialInventions
Socialinventions=essentialcharacteristic‐‐>coordinatedpresenceofpeople,notnecessarilythings
FieldofOB:aboutunderstandingpeopleandmanagingthemtoworkeffectively
GoalAccomplishment
FieldofOB:concernedwithhoworganizationscansurviveandadapttochange
GroupEffort
FieldofOB:concernedwithhowtogetpeopletopractiseeffectiveteamwork
WhatisOrganizationalBehaviour?
Organizationalbehaviour=attitudesandbehavioursofindividualsandgroupsinorganizations
• Studiestheseattitudes&behaviours&providesinsightabouteffectivelymanaging&changingthem
Humanresourcesmanagement=programs,practices,andsystemstoacquire,develop,motivate,andretain
employeesinorganizations
WhyStudyOrganizationalBehaviour?
• BecauseOB…
• Isinteresting
• Isimportant
Makesadifference
GoalsofOrganizationalBehaviour
• Effectively…
Predicting
Explaining
Managing
…behaviourthatoccursinorganizations
Management=artofgettingthingsaccomplishedinorganizationsthroughothers
Evidence‐basedmanagement=translatingprinciplesbasedonbestscientificevidenceintoorganizational
practices
EarlyPrescriptionsConcerningManagement
• 2basicphasestoprescription:
Classicalview
Humanrelationsview
ClassicalViewandBureaucracy
Classicalviewpoint=earlyprescriptiononmanagementthatadvocated:
highspecializationoflabour
intensivecoordination
centralizeddecision‐making
• FrederickTaylor(1856‐1915),fatherofscientificmanagement
Scientificmanagement=Taylor'ssystemforusingresearchtodetermineoptimumdegreeofspecialization&
standardizationofworktasks
• Supporteddevelopmentofwritteninstructionsthatclearlydefinedworkprocedures&encouraged
managerstostandardizeworkers'tasksformaxefficiency
Functionalforemanship=supervisorswouldspecializeinparticularfunctions
• MaxWeber(1864‐1920),Germansocialtheorist
Bureaucracy=Weber'sidealtypeoforganizationthatincluded:
Strictchainofcommand
Detailedrules
Highspecialization
Centralizedpower
151 CH1: Organizational Behaviour and
Management
Monday,February6,2017 2:45PM
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