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Film 240- Week 7 Readings.docx
Film 240- Week 7 Readings.docx

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Queen's University
Film and Media
FILM 240
Sidney Eve Matrix

Film 240- Week 7 Readings  Two types of programs- magazine format and TV spectacular- greatly helped networks gain control over content o Magazine program featured multiple segments- news, talk, comedy, music..  Rise and fall of quiz shows o Prime time program (airing between 8-11pm) o Quiz shoes are relatively cheap to produce compared to dramas and sitcoms o Quiz scandals magnified the division between the ‘high’ and ‘low’ culture attitudes towards TV  Developement of cable o Network era when networks gained control over TV’s content, end of 1970s o This figure dropped to less than 40%.. why?  Along with VCRs, and DVD it was cutting into the broadcast networks’ audience  Cable threatens broadcasting o The cable introduced narrowcasting- the providing of specialized programming for diverse and fragmented groups o Attracts both advertisers and audiences, cable programs provide access to certain target audience that cannot guarantee in broadcasting  Ex: golf-equipment manufacturer can buy ads on gold channel and reach only gold enthusiasts  Basic cable: today includes hundred-plus channel lineup composed of local broadcast signals, access channels, regional PBS stations and a variety of cable channels, superstations (independent TV stations uplinked to a satellite) and others, depending on cable system’s capacity and regional interests  Premium channels- no advertising, recent and classic Hollywood movies and original movies or series o Major source of revenue for cable companies o Also include pay-per-view (PPV) programs; video-on-demand (VOD)  Pay-per-view channels (PPV): came first, offering recently released movies or special one-time sporting events to subscribers who paid a designated charge to their cable company  Cable companies introduced video-on-demand (VOD)- which enables customers to choose among hundreds of titles and watch their selection whenever they want in the same way as a video  Cable without wires o Offering a new distribution method, direct broadcast satellite (DBS) services present a big challenge to cable- esp in regions with rugged terrain and isolated homes  Instead of wires, DBS transmits its signal directly t o small satellite dishes near or on customer’s homes  Sketch comedy- or short comedy skits was key element in early TV variety shows, which also included singers, dancers, acrobats, animal acts, stand-up comics and centriloquists o Includes Sat night life o The hour-long variety series in which these skits appeared were more expensive to produce than half-hour sitcoms. Also, skits on the weekly variety shows used up new routines very quickly  Situation comedy (sitcom) features a recurring case; each episode establishes a narrative situation, complicates it, develops incc confusing among the characters and usually resolves the complicatnio o ex: I love lucy, 30 rock, new girl, Seinfeld o characters are usually static and predictable, do not usually develop in series o stress is always ‘funny’ o sitcom fans feel just a little bit smarter than the characters, whose lives seem wacky and out of control  Domestic Comedy: characters and settings are usually more important than complicated predicaments o Although an episode might offer a goofy situation as a subplot, more typically the main narrative features a personal problem or family crisis that characters have to resolve o Today, this blurring of serious and comic theme hybrid are called dramedy  Includes Sex and the City, Desperate Housewives  Anthology dramas brought live dramatic theatre to that TV audience o Stage plays, athologies offer new artistically significant teleplays (script written for TV), casts, directors, writers, and sets from one week to the next o Advertisers disliked anthologies because they often presented stories containing complex human problems that were not easily resolved o They were expensive to produce, so virtually disappeared from TV in 1960s  Episodic series where main characters continue from week to week, sets and locales remain the same, and technical crew stays with the program o Comes in two general types: chapter shows and serial program o Chapter shows are self-containted stories with a recurring set of main characters who confront a problem, face a series of conflicts and finds a resolution  Ex: The Big Bang Theory, CSI o Serial programs are open-ended episodic shows where most story lines continue from episode to episode  cheaper to p
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